Volume 5 Issue 5: 2017

1. Development of Single Phase Five-Level Inverter with Implementation of Bidirectional Switch

Authors: Shipra Agarwal, Dr. Nagendra Kumar Swarnkar, Ritu Jain

Affiliation:

M Tech Pursuing SGVU, Jaipur

Head & Professor EE, SGVU, Jaipur

Assistant Professor EE, SGVU, Jaipur

Copy for Cite this Article: Shipra Agarwal, Dr. Nagendra Kumar Swarnkar, Ritu Jain, “Development of Single Phase Five-Level Inverter with Implementation of Bidirectional Switch”, International Journal of Science, Engineering and Technology, Volume 5 Issue 5: 2017, pp. 111- 115.

Abstract:

In this paper a novel topology for single-phase five-level inverter is presented. Operational principles with switching functions are analyzed and switching states are given for each situation. To keep the load current being sinusoidal and to have higher dynamic performances, a harmonic filter is designed. Proposed inverter is verified through simulation and simulation results are given. Simulation results are compared with traditional H-bridge inverter.

Keywords: Single-phase inverter, harmonic, multi-level inverter.

DDI- 10.2348/ijset09170111

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2. On Partial Derivatives of the I-Functions of r- Variables

Authors: P. C. Sreenivas, T. M. Vasudevan Nambisan, M. Sunitha

Affiliation:

Department of Mathematics, Payyanur College, Payyanur, Kannur Dist, Kerala- 670327, India, E-mail: sreenivaspc@rediffmail.com

Retired Professor & Head, Department of Mathematics, NAS College, Kanhangad, Kerala, India, E-mail: tonambisan.tm@gmail.com

Department of Mathematics, Govt. Brennen College, Dharmadam, Thalassery, Kannur Dist, Kerala – 670106, India, E-mail: sunithanitoor@gmail.com

Copy for Cite this Article: P. C. Sreenivas, T. M. Vasudevan Nambisan, M. Sunitha, “On Partial Derivatives of the I-Functions of r- Variables”, International Journal of Science, Engineering and Technology, Volume 5 Issue 5: 2017, pp. 116- 124.

Abstract:

The object of this paper is to establish some formulae involving the partial derivatives of the I-function of r-variables. On specializing the parameters the results can be reduced to derivatives of H-function of r-variables, H-function of 2-variables and in particular to the result recently established by Shantha Kumari [6,p.152].

2000 Mathematics Subject Classification: 45 A 05

Keywords: I-function of two and several complex variables, Multivariable H-functions, Partial differentiation.

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3. A Novel Approach to Solve Real Time Traffic Control System

Authors: Rashid Husain, Mansir Abubakar

Affiliation:

Department of Mathematics and Computer Science, Sule Lamido University, Nigeria

Department of Mathematical Science, Al-Qalam University,Nigeria

Copy for Cite this Article: Rashid Husain, Mansir Abubakar, “A Novel Approach to Solve Real Time Traffic Control System”, International Journal of Science, Engineering and Technology, Volume 5 Issue 5: 2017, pp. 125- 128.

Abstract:

Real-time traffic signal control is an integral part of the urban traffic control system, and providing effective real-time traffic signal control for a large complex traffic network is an extremely challenging distributed control problem. In this paper, an “intelligent” isolated intersection control system was developed. The developed “intelligent” system makes “real time” decisions as to whether to extend (and how much) green time for a set of signals. The model is developed using genetic algorithm. A traffic simulator is developed in JAVA to represent dynamic traffic conditions. Thereby a comparison is made between the fixed time and real time based traffic systems. Many tests show that the outcome (total number of cars leaving the system) for a fixed entering rate for a fixed time interval is greater for real time system.

Keywords:– Modeling and Simulation, Intelligent system, Urban traffic Control System

DDI- 10.2348/ijset09170125

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4. Synthesis and Characterization of Titanium Dioxide Nanostructures

Authors: Taruna Khandelwal, Deepak Bhatia, Kamlendra Awasthi

Affiliation:

University College of Engineering, RTU campus, Kota, 324010, India

Malaviya National Institute of Technology, Jaipur, 302017, India

Copy for Cite this Article: Taruna Khandelwal, Deepak Bhatia, Kamlendra Awasthi, “Synthesis and Characterization of Titanium Dioxide Nanostructures”, International Journal of Science, Engineering and Technology, Volume 5 Issue 5: 2017, pp. 129- 132.

Abstract:

This paper reports the Transition metal oxide nanomaterials are widely attracted by the researchers due to their enormous applications in physics, chemistry and material science. Various transition metal oxides like ZnO, MnO, NiO, TiO2, SnO2 have been synthesized from many decades due to their vast applications. Titanium dioxide (TiO2) nanostructures are obtained by sol-gel process and analyzed by X ray Diffraction Spectroscopy (XRD), Ultra- Violet Spectroscopy (UV), Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM) these results obtained that the Nano structures are crystalline in phase and nanostructures are in the range between 230 to 245 nm.

Keywords: Sol-gel method, TiO2 Nanoparticle, TiO2 Nanorod, TiO2 Nanowire, SEM, TEM, XRD, UV

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5. Effect of RC Shear Wall on Seismic Performance of Building Resting on Sloping Ground

Authors: Mujeeb Ul Hasan, Dr. Vivek Garg

Affiliation:

M.Tech (Structures) Student at Civil Engineering Department, Maulana Azad National Institute of Technology, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, INDIA. Email: mujeeb.hasan42@gmail.com

Assistant Professor, Civil Engineering Department, Maulana Azad National Institute of Technology, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, INDIA. Email: vivek_garg5@yahoo.co.in

Copy for Cite this Article: Mujeeb Ul Hasan, Dr. Vivek Garg, “Effect of RC Shear Wall on Seismic Performance of Building Resting on Sloping Ground”, International Journal of Science, Engineering and Technology, Volume 5 Issue 5: 2017, pp. 133- 138.

Abstract:

The scarcity of plain ground in hilly areas compels construction activity on sloping ground resulting in various important buildings such as reinforced concrete framed structures resting on hilly slopes. The buildings situated on hilly areas in earthquake prone areas are generally irregular and torsionally coupled, hence subjected to severe damage when affected by earthquake ground motion. In present study the analysis of G+10 storey building frame with and without shear wall at different slopes of ground (i.e. 00 and 100) is studied. It is assumed that the columns are fixed at base and building is situated in seismic zone-IV. The different models are analyzed by means of Staad-pro software. The comparison of maximum values of storey displacements, storey drift, support reactions, forces in beams and columns has been carried out for useful interpretation of results. The use of shear wall in building frame reduces nodal displacements in the floors, storey drift and critical values of shear force, bending moment and torsion in structural members.

Keywords: shear wall, seismic response, sloping ground

DDI- 10.2348/ijset09170133

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6. Genome Sequence Analysis to Evaluate the Query Cover and E-Value Providing Genetic Statistical Significance in Lycopersicon Esculentum

Authors: Uma Kumari, Ashok Kumar Choudhary

Affiliation:

Lecturer in Microbiology Department, Ranchi college, Ranchi (Ranchi University), Ranchi,(Jharkhand), India, Email: Uma27910@gmail.com

PhD in Biotechnology, (JRU), Ranchi, India

Copy for Cite this Article: Uma Kumari, Ashok Kumar Choudhary, “Genome Sequence Analysis to Evaluate the Query Cover and E-Value Providing Genetic Statistical Significance in Lycopersicon Esculentum”, International Journal of Science, Engineering and Technology, Volume 5 Issue 5: 2017, pp. 139- 142.

Abstract:

Sequencing the genome of the crop Solanum lycopersicum will also help to identify beneficial genes in other plant relative of the tomato such as potato, pepper. Solanum lycopersicum (syn) Lycopersicum esculentum is a excellent plant for this approach considering the high quality and comparative analysis of genome sequence of tomato. All of these crops are members of the solanaceae or nightshade family, one of the worlds most important vegetable plants families in term of both economic value and production volume. Developing better tomatoes will also contribute to the quest for global food security. As well as using this new genome information to develop a wide variety of beneficial traits, the(TGRD)the tomato genomic resources database is an online and interactive relational database developed using open sources software. In sequence alignment is a way of arranging the sequence of Dna, Rna or protein to identify the functional structural or evolutionary relationship between the sequence. if two sequence is an alignment share a common ancestors, mismatches can be interpreted as a point mutation. Fasta format is a text based format for representing either nucleotide sequence or peptide sequence, in which nucleotide or amino acid are represented using single letter code. Sequence homology is a general term that indicates evolutionary relatedness among sequence. NCBI that provide a common data extraction platform for sequence analysis. Sequence similarity is a substitution with similar chemical properties. The clutalw colored alignment also have the colour option in the output results. The colouring residue takes place according to the following physiochemical criteria (Red,blue,green,magenta,and grey colours).In addition to maintaining the gene bank nucleic acid, sequence database, Ncbi provide data retrieval system and computational resources for the analysis of gene bank data and variety of other biological data made available through Ncbi.

Keywords: Bioinformatics, Genome database, TGRD (Tomato genomic resources database), Sequence analysis, Data compiled, Sequence alignment, Solanum lycopersicum.

DDI- 10.2348/ijset09170139

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7. Study of Mechanical Properties of Moisture Absorbed Hybrid Composite Material

Authors: C. ClementChristyDeepak, R. L. Helen Catherine

Affiliation:

1Assistant Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering, P.A. College of Engineering and Technology, Coimbatore, India, Email: clementchristy.2020@gmail.com

Assistant Professor, Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Dr. Mahalingam College of Engineering and Technology, Coimbatore, India, Email: rl.helencatherine@gmail.com

Copy for Cite this Article: C. ClementChristyDeepak, R. L. Helen Catherine, “Study of Mechanical Properties of Moisture Absorbed Hybrid Composite Material”, International Journal of Science, Engineering and Technology, Volume 5 Issue 5: 2017, pp. 143- 147.

Abstract:

The study of moisture effects on composite materials have been carried out in order to understand the behavior of materials subjected to moisture. Bi-directional (Kevlar/glass fiber) mechanical test samples were prepared by hand layup process and submerged in water at room temperature for different periods (35, 45, 65 days). As per the ASTM standards the mechanical tests like tensile and flexural were performed for the different level of moisture absorption. These series of tests are to run to directly measure the fiber/matrix bond strength and then the results will be compared with the dry specimens., simulation has been done for flexural and tensile test .when the specimen is immersed in water for 45 days; it has been observed that there is 30% degradation in tensile strength compared to dry specimen. Mechanical properties are found to decrease as moisture diffused into the material.

Keywords — Moisture absorption, composite material, hybrid composites

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8. A Geographical Study of Social Forestry in India

Authors: Ashish Sharma

Affiliation:

Research Scholar, Dept. Of Geography, Babau Shobharam arts college, Alwar, Rajasthan. (University Of Rajasthan)

Email-ashishsharma2424@rediffmail.com

Copy for Cite this Article: Ashish Sharma, “A Geographical Study of Social Forestry in India”, International Journal of Science, Engineering and Technology, Volume 5 Issue 5: 2017, pp. 148- 153.

Abstract:

Social forestry is afforestation of all lands other than crop lands that are available outside the forest areas with the purpose of meeting the requirements of ecological and environmental security and day to day needs of rural population.

The idea behind social forestry is to create forests on any available lands which are not being used for other purposes, with the help of society for meeting the needs of society, so that requirements of the society which are met so far through natural forests may be fulfilled by these forests and pressure on natural forest is thereby reduced. Thus social forestry can be described as forestry of the people by the people and for the people.

In fact social forestry combines idle land, labour and water resources for optimum production of firewood, fodder, food, manure and small constructional timber. As such it essentially involves a kind of monolithic integration of forestry, agriculture and animal husbandry

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Volume 5 Issue 6: 2017

1. Smart Rescue System for Health Hazard

Authors: Shiva Kumar, Amritesh Nandan, Ujala Kumar, Ajit Singh Rathor

Affiliation:

Student, 4th year B.Tech, Electronics & Communication Engineering Department, Shivalik College of Engineering, Dehradun

Assitant Professor, Electronics & Communication Engineering Department, Shivalik College of Engineering, Dehradun

Copy for Cite this Article: Shiva Kumar, Amritesh Nandan, Ujala Kumar, Ajit Singh Rathor, “Smart Rescue System for Health Hazard”, International Journal of Science, Engineering and Technology, Volume 5 Issue 6: 2017, pp. 151- 153.

Abstract:

While we are tending towards the concept of smart city, it does not only mean the improvement is reducing the complexity of our daily life or advancing gadget system but it also includes Structural Health. There are still a few problems which our elder are facing with their health issue. So we need some advance wireless system to deal with it. The proposed system allows us keeping in touch with our elderly people. An alert SMS will be send with the current location and consciousness of the victim is sent to physician and the registered contacts.

Keywords: e-yantra module, Microcontroller (at mega 2560), Zig-bee module, Atmel studio, Proteus

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2. Smart Traffic System for Emergency Vehicle

Authors: Rahul Pundir, Vikash Kumar Yadav, Sunil Prakash Mandrawal, Deepak Kumar

Affiliation:

Student, 4th year B.Tech, Electronics & Communication Engineering Department, Shivalik College of Engineering, Dehradun

Assitant Professor, Electronics & Communication Engineering Department, Shivalik College of Engineering, Dehradun

Copy for Cite this Article: Rahul Pundir, Vikash Kumar Yadav, Sunil Prakash Mandrawal, Deepak Kumar, “Smart Traffic System for Emergency Vehicle”, International Journal of Science, Engineering and Technology, Volume 5 Issue 6: 2017, pp. 154- 156.

Abstract:

The traffic of vehicles in India is increasing drastically. This is creating traffic jams everywhere and leaving no place to pass. India is a country where development is in process, in most of the crossroads there is no flyovers and due to increase in population the traffic is increasing. This increased traffic makes jams on the crossroads as well as on the busy streets of any market. The roads are overcrowded by peoples and vehicles so it is required to reduce. There is a Transmitter in the ambulance which transmits the EM signal and a Receiver on the rest of the vehicles. The Received signal is then activating the system which gives indication and message to pull the car side and give pass to the ambulance. This message will work as a proof and due to this everyone will follow the rule. We can use either Bluetooth, wi-fi or ZIGBEE for receiving and transmission.

Key Words: e-yantra module, Microcontroller (at mega 2560), Zig-bee module, Atmel studio, Proteus

DDI- 10.2348/ijset09170154

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3. Modeling and Simulation of VANET performances using various Routing Algorithms

Authors: Rashid Husain, Saifullah Muhammad

Affiliation:

Department of Mathematics and Computer Science, Sule Lamido University, Nigeria

Department of Mathematical Science and IT, Federal University,Dutsin-Ma’Katsina

Copy for Cite this Article: Rashid Husain, Saifullah Muhammad, “Modeling and Simulation of VANET performances using various Routing Algorithms”, International Journal of Science, Engineering and Technology, Volume 5 Issue 6: 2017, pp. 159- 165.

Abstract:

Vehicular communications have been one of the hottest research topics for the last few years. Many routing protocols have been proposed for such kind of networks. Most of them try to exploit the information which may be available at the vehicle by the time that a routing decision must be made. In addition, some solutions are designed taking into account the particular, highly partitioned, network connectivity in vehicular settings. Despite the great variety of approaches which have been proposed, we found that there is a set of issues which are common to many vehicular ad -hoc routing protocols in this paper, we perform a simulation-based analysis of VANET by describing the communication between the nodes with various routing algorithms such as LEACH and MLEACH. We have shown simulation results which support our VANET communication. Moreover, solutions to solve every presented problem are outlined. The paper is concluded with some future prospects which may motivate the person to further works for the advancement in the field of VANET using various Routing Protocols.

Keyword: – VANET (Vehicular Adhoc Networks), Routings Protocols, LEACH (Low-energy adaptive clustering hierarchy), MLEACH.

DDI- 10.2348/ijset09170159

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4. Effects of the Bead Geometry of MIG Arc Welding Analysis by Fuzzy Logic Method

Authors: Khushi Ram Naik, Ashish Kumar Khandelwal

Affiliation:

Department M. E. Scholar, Chouksey Engineering College, Bilaspur (C.G.), India, Email: ramnaik1692@gmail.com

Head of Department, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Chouksey Engineering College, Bilaspur (C.G.), India, Email: pathfinder.cg.@gmail.com 

Copy for Cite this Article: Khushi Ram Naik, Ashish Kumar Khandelwal, “Effects of the Bead Geometry of MIG Arc Welding Analysis by Fuzzy Logic Method”, International Journal of Science, Engineering and Technology, Volume 5 Issue 6: 2017, pp. 166- 171.

Abstract:

The present paper describes fuzzy logic simulation of metal inert gas welding (MIG) process to predict the bead geometry shape profile characteristics welding input parameters play a very vital role in determining the quality of a weld joint. The joint quality can be defined in terms of weld-bead geometry (weld width, weld height, weld penetration). Here welding current, welding speed and gas flow rate are reflected as input parameters with two levels. A fuzzy logic established to forecast the weld penetration in context of these input parameters. Fuzzy model uses fuzzy expert rules, triangular membership function and centroid area method for defuzzification process using MATLAB fuzzy logic tool box. An effort is made to match statistical technique and computational technique to model the predicted response. The fuzzy logic modeling technique employed in the present investigation can be used for online prediction of the MIG weldment shape profiles. The methodology adopted in the present investigation indicated adequacy of fuzzy logic model for predicting the MIG bead geometry and HAZ.

Keywords— Metal Inert Gas (MIG), Bead Geometry, Fuzzy Logic Controller, Heat affected zone (HAZ).

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5. An Inversion Algorithm for Subsurface Sensing Problem

Authors: Yijun Yu, Nailong Guo

Affiliation:

Department of Mathematics, Tuskegee University, AL, USA, Email: yyu@tuskegee.edu

Department of Mathematics and Computer Science, Benedict College, SC, USA, Email: nailong.guo@benedict.edu

Copy for Cite this Article: Yijun Yu, Nailong Guo, “An Inversion Algorithm for Subsurface Sensing Problem”, International Journal of Science, Engineering and Technology, Volume 5 Issue 6: 2017, pp. 179- 186.

Abstract:

An inversion algorithm with Bayesian Formulation is considered for subsurface Sensing problem. The algorithm inverts the parameters of a heterogeneity profile based on measured scattering data. The Algorithm is developed based on assumption that there is a mismatch between the measured data and the model employed, with the error represented as a random process. The mean of the distribution may be used as a point estimate of the heterogeneity profile. Here the basic Bayesian inversion framework is presented, with example results presented for subsurface-sensing problems.

Keywords: Bayesian, inversion, scattering, subsurface sensing.

DDI- 10.2348/ijset09170179

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6. A Study of Current Trends in Political Ecology with Geographical Perspectives

Authors: Ashish Sharma

Affiliation:

Research Scholar, Dept. Of Geography, Babau Shobharam arts college, Alwar, Rajasthan. (University Of Rajasthan)

Email-ashishsharma2424@rediffmail.com

Copy for Cite this Article: Ashish Sharma, “A Study of Current Trends in Political Ecology with Geographical Perspectives”, International Journal of Science, Engineering and Technology, Volume 5 Issue 6: 2017, pp. 187- 192.

Abstract:

Political ecology is a new concept in geography.Political ecology analyses social forms and human organisation that interact with the environment. This burgeoning field has attracted scholars from the fields of anthropology, forestry, development studies, environmental sociology, environmental history, and geography. Its practitioners all query the relationship between economics, politics, and nature. Notwithstanding their varied background, these researchers advocate fundamental changes in the management of nature and the rights of people.

Political ecology is at the confluence between ecologically rooted social science and the principles of political economy. The field synthesises the central questions asked by the social sciences about the relations between human society and its bio-cultural-political complexity, and a significantly humanised nature. Political ecology thus encompasses the issues of the clash of individual interests and the potential for collusion that lie at the heart of political economy, and ecology‘s concerns with our biological and physical environment and emphases on holistic analysis that connects with the more social and power-centred field of political economy.

DDI- 10.2348/ijset09170187

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