VOLUME 2 ISSUE 8 NOV-DEC 2014

1. AN OFFLINE NOVEL APPROACH FOR IDENTIFICATION OF CHINESE TEXT RECOGNITION

Authors-  DUBA GURUMURTHY, PARDEEP SINGH JAMWAL

Abstract- Recognizing Chinese handwriting may be a difficult topic within the space of character recognition. This paper planned a replacement offline system to acknowledge Chinese written characters. So as to avoid the difficulties in over‐segmentation, this paper focuses on the popularity of text lines, that are assumed to possess been segmental outwardly. We have a tendency to evaluate the popularity performance on Chinese handwriting info CASIAHWDB of free Chinese written characters and texts, and incontestable superior performance by the planned ways. The planned methodology is to implement high recognition rate and speed of written Chinese and written characters. Experiment result shows that our planned approach expeditiously and effectively improved recognition speed.

2. CLOUD SECURITY ARCHITECTURE BASED ON FULLY HOMOMORPHIC ENCRYPTION

Authors- VAISHALI R. THAKARE, SELVAKUMAR R

Abstract- Cloud Computing is a new environment in computer oriented services. The high costs of network platforms, development in client requirements, data volumes and weights on response time pushed companies to migrate to Cloud Computing providing on demand web facilitated IT Services. Cloud storage empowers users to remotely store their information and delight in the on-demand high quality cloud applications without the affliction of local hardware management and programming administration. With the aim of solving the problem of data security in cloud computing system, presenting the fully homomorphism encryption algorithm in the cloud computing data security, another sort of information security resolution to the insecurity of the cloud computing is proposed and the scenarios of this application is henceforward created, The kind new security arrangement is completely fit for the processing and retrieval of the encrypted data, successfully prompting the wide relevant prospect, the security of data transmission and the stockpiling of the cloud computing.

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3. EFFECT OF TYRE OVERLOAD AND INFLATION PRESSURE ON ROLLING LOSS

Authors- Dr. V V R L S GANGADHAR

Abstract- Rolling loss or rolling resistance is an ever important property for the tyre and automotive industries because of its practical implication. Fuel consumption and tyre rolling loss in all types of automobiles have become increasingly important because of adverse environmental effects (air pollution and global warming) and economic costs (high petroleum price). In this thesis, the effect of rolling resistance and overload on fuel consumption of automobile car tyre is discussed. The investigations are made on two tyre models of automobile cars Skoda Rapid and Ford Classic. Theoretical calculations are also done to determine the rolling resistance due to inflation pressure. The default weight is considered for 5 passengers and also the tyre overload is considered by taking 6 and 7 passengers’ weight.

4. DESIGN AND SET UP OF SNAP RING FITTING ASSEMBLY

Authors- NIKHIL WAGH, OMKAR SANDAW, AJINKYA SHINKAR, PADMAKAR DHAMALE

Abstract- This project comprises of Design and Set up of Snap Ring fitting assembly for deep grove ball bearing. The aim of project is to design a set that will automatically fit a Snap Ring onto the bearing and then check whether a given Snap Ring is fitted properly onto the bearing or not .While design the set up the most important point that is considered is to maintain simplicity as well as to reduce the weight of the assembly.

5. EFFECT OF MACHINING PARAMETERS ON THE SURFACE ROUGHNESS OF AISID3 DIE STEEL USING ELECTRIC DISCHARGE MACHINING (EDM)

Authors- SATYAM ROY, BHUVNESH BHARDWAJ, KULBHUSHAN BHAGAT

Abstract-  Electric discharge machining is a thermal energy method used to remove the material by melting & evaporation of tiny particles aided by cavitation and widely used in die making process. The area of research work is to study the effect of machining parameters like voltage, current, pulse on-time & pulse off-time on the Surface roughness of AISID3 die steel using kerosene as die-electric fluid and copper as an electrode by EDM. The experiment was designed using DESIGN EXPERT software, response surface methodology with Central composite design and analyzed using ANOVA analysis. It is found that as voltage increases Ra decreases, IP increases Ra increases slightly, TON increases Ra increases and TOFF has little influence on surface roughness of the material when it is machined by electric discharge machining process and minimum surface roughness (R) was 3.795µm at voltage of 41.25V, current value of 10.75A, pulse on-time of 54.50µs & pulse off-time of 34µs. we found that current & pulse on-time are the most significant parameter to affect Ra within the range of 6-25A & 30-45V capacity of electric discharge machine.

6. APPLICATION OF POSITIVE OUTPUT TRIPLE LIFT LUO CONVERTER FOR PHOTO VOLTAIC SYSTEM USING FUZZY LOGIC CONTROLLER

Authors- S. SIVARAJESWARI, Dr. D. KIRUBAKARAN

Abstract- The positive output triple lift Luo converter is a newly developed advanced DC‐DC converter. The object of this paper is to design and analyze a Fuzzy Logic Controller for positive output triple lift Luo converter (POTLLC). Fuzzy logic is recently increasing emphasis in process control applications. Properties of the proposed controllers are: 1) robustness around the operating point, 2) good performance of transient responses under varying loading conditions and/or input voltage, and 3) invariant dynamic performance in the presence of varying operating conditions. The positive output triple lift Luo converter performs the voltage conversion from positive source voltage to positive load voltage. The simulation model of the positive output triple lift Luo converter with its control circuit was developed in Matlab/Simulink.

7. EXPERIMENTAL STUDY TO CALCULATE FUEL COST EFFECTIVENESS FOR FABRICATED SOLAR POWERED CAR OVER THE GASOLINE FUELLED VEHICLE AND AIR POLLUTION FROM ROAD VEHICLES IN URBAN INDIA

Authors- TUSHAR SRIVASTAVA, Dr. P.B.L CHAURASIA, HARI KUMAR SINGH

Abstract- With the volatility and quashing away of the conventional fuels and gasoline, the solar powered cars have become an attractive alternative for the lower fuel cost and lesser emissions of various pollutants. Firstly our objective was to design and fabricate a solar powered car and also perform an experimental study to calculate the fuel cost effectiveness of our fabricated solar powered car over the gasoline fuelled vehicles and also perform a study on the air pollution from road vehicles in urban India and Preventive Measures The research work is quite unique as its one of its kind research to study about the engineering and tradeoff consideration for a conventional gasoline fuelled vehicle and our fabricated solar powered car. The study is based on the principle of average km/litre to the average km/kwhr for a solar powered car. During our research work we also performed various other studies such as calculation of Voltage and Current (V‐I) as well Voltage and Power (V‐P) characteristics for the solar panel and calculation of Effective load management for the solar powered car.

8. IMPLEMENTATION OF D‐FLIP FLOP BASED ON DIFFERENT XOR /XNOR GATE DESIGNS

Authors- MADHUR KULSHRESTHA, VIPIN KUMAR GUPTA

Abstract- Rapid growth in electronics market in last three decades has increased pressure on the VLSI industry to continuously upgrade its technology, in terms of chip design systems, very high integration density and increasing operating frequencies beyond few GHz, along with their benefits some critical concerns has arisen i.e. increase in power consumption of the devices and another to reduce it as much as possible. Due to the drastically changing market, increasing demand and great popularity of portable electronic devices, designers are optimizing their system designs in order to get greater speeds, higher packing density, and good battery life with more reliability. Power consumption is the figure of merit in electronic goods. So power is the primary concern for any designer to save it while system designing. The circuits, XOR‐ XNOR are the basic building blocks in many electronic circuits such as combinational circuits (Full adder, multipliers, parity checkers, comparators, error detecting codes, phase detectors circuit in PLL, code converters) etc. Since the performance of the individual circuit i.e. XOR‐ XNOR directly affects the complex logic circuits. Therefore, very careful designing and analysis has to be done using XOR‐ XNOR circuits. The XOR‐ XNOR circuits should give less power consumption, less power dissipation, complete output voltage swing and optimized delay in propagation or in critical path. In addition to that, lesser number of transistors has to be used for designing purpose of XOR‐ XNOR circuits and simultaneous generation of two non‐skewed outputs. The amazing improvement in microelectronics industry have taken place in last 30 years and it is steadily moving and upgrading forward to achieve a prime position in the system design of modern electronics. It has penetrated its roots all over the world so largely in such a short period of time because of its continuous advancements in the performance of the device while being pocket friendly to each level of customer. The entire some efforts of the designers have enabled them to make devices having the desired features like fewer delays, less power consumption and high packing density. The continuation of Moore’s law has been proved due to increased clock speeds and small features size. The Moore’s law states that ‘‘the transistor density on integrated circuits doubles every 18 months’’. Different designs of XOR/XNOR gate has been designed using different components like Transmission Gates, NMOS switches, Pass Transistors & GDI (Gate Diffusion Input) cell that can be operated at higher frequencies. All designs have been designed using 32nm UMC CMOS technology and compared for the supply voltage range from 0.9V to 1.5V. These designs are simulated in HSPICE tool for the successful function. Best optimized design of XOR/XNOR gate is found out. It is being widely used in a high speed microprocessors like adders, comparators etc for performing different arithmetic operations. Improved features of XOR/XNOR circuit increases the performance of full adder and other circuits.

9. POWER TRADING IN INDIA: WHAT IS STOPPING THE NEEDED GROWTH?

Authors- NAVEEN AGARWAL, VINAY GUPTA

Abstract- Power trading is a solution to reduce power deficiency and also to encourage investment in the sector. While power trading allows for arbitrage opportunities across regions due to supply and demand diversity, state level efforts will be needed to ease open access process to strengthen the power trading market. Power trading will give rise to competitive energy market which in turn will drive efficiency improvement across the power market value chain. In India, it currently has a minimal share of less than 3% in total power generation and there are number of reasons for that. This paper reviews necessity of power trading in India and also highlights the issues which are responsible for this slow growth of power trading so that necessary actions can be taken.

10. THERMOELASTIC ANALYSIS OF THIN HYBRID FRP SKEW LAMINATES WITH CIRCULAR CUT‐OUT

Authors- G.P.V.NAGA LAKSHMI, T. MASTHANAIAH, K. DURGA

Abstract- The present research work deals with the prediction of thermo elastic behavior of the thin four‐layered Cross‐ply and Angleply Hybrid Fiber Reinforced Plastic (FRP) skew laminated composite plate with circular cutout subjected to uniform pressure load and thermal loading using Classical Laminates Theory (CLT) based finite element method. The commercial finite element software ANSYS has been successfully executed for the validation of the finite element model and evaluation of thin‐plane stresses in the skew laminates with cutouts. And by considering two composite materials the effect of size of the circular cutout and skew angle on the stresses are of the two cases i) the Cross‐ply and ii) Angle‐ply laminates. The principle stresses and shear stresses are evaluated for different cross sections. The present analysis is useful for the safe and effective design of the skew laminates with circular cutout.

11. EXPERIMENTAL STUDY ON BINARY BLENDED HIGH STRENGTH STEEL FIBRE REINFORCED CONCRETE USING ALCCOFINE AS MINERAL ADMIXTURE

Authors- Dr. MOHD. HAMRAJ

Abstract- Cement concrete is the most widely used material for various constructions. The amount of cement production emits approximately equal amount of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere. Availability of mineral admixtures marked opening of a new era for designing concrete mix of higher and higher strength. Research work has been done on the properties of durability of concrete binary blended with ALCCOFINE 1203 without steel fibres. Hence an attempt has been made in this investigation on partial replacement of cement with ALCCOFINE 1203 along with incorporation of crimped steel fibres of two aspect ratios with different percentages of the volume concrete. To attain the setout objectives of the present investigation, M50 grade concrete has been taken as reference concrete. Fresh concrete properties like slump, compaction factor and hardened concrete properties like residual compressive strength and weight loss have been studied. It is found that the Residual Compressive Strength of blended concrete is 4 to 9% greater than the OPCC mix after immersion in HCl, 7 to 10% greater than the OPCC mix after immersion in H2SO4 and 4 to 8% greater than the OPCC mix after the immersion in MgSO4 for duration of 30 to 90 days. The loss in weight of blended concrete is 4 to 7% lesser than the OPCC mix after the immersion in HCl, 6 to 14% lesser than the OPCC mix after the immersion in H2SO4 and 5 to 7% lesser than the OPCC mix after the immersion in MgSO4 for duration of 30 to 90 days.

12. IMPROVEMENT IN BER USING TCM‐OFDM AND COMPARISON USING 4 PSK N States MODULATION

Authors- KANCHAN TRIPATHI, RITESH KUSHWAHA, ROHIT SHRIVASTAVA

Abstract- The system performance is generally improved by coding. Here we are going to implement trellis coded modulation with OFDM system which consists of two transmitters and a single receiver. An M‐ary PSK modulation is used to modulate the symbols across an OFDM channel. Additive white Gaussian noise channel is considered throughout the analysis. Bit error rate performance of the above systems is carried‐out with emphasis on the modulation scheme, no. of carriers and bit SNR and at last we’ll compare the results using 4 PSK having different states.

13. PURPOSE OF VISITING E‐JOURNAL SITES: A RESEARCH SURVEY OF AEROSPACE SCIENTISTS AND ENGINEERS OF BANGALORE

Authors- R GURUPRASAD, P MARIMUTHU

Abstract- A research survey was undertaken to study the ‘Scientists’ Purpose of Visiting E‐Journal Sites’. The geographic boundary of this research study consists of 16 prominent aerospace organizations of Bangalore. The age‐group of this study is between 21‐60 years. The occupation category of this sample population has been broadly classified into, (a) Scientific / R&D, (b) Armed Forces, (c) Teaching, and (d) Manager. The broad areas of specialization of the Aerospace Scientists and Engineers have been classified into (a) Thermal and Fluid Sciences, (b) Avionics, Guidance and Control, (c) Aerospace Structures and Allied Mechanical Sciences, (d) Materials and Metallurgy, (e) Flight Operations and other Allied Disciplines, and (f) General Engineering and Support Sciences. The major conclusions that the authors would like to highlight in this study are: Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) was applied for testing the significant difference among the 16 mean scores attained from the scientists and engineers of the aerospace organizations for the ‘Purpose of visit to e‐journal sites’. It is observed that all the 16 aerospace organizations show a significant difference (P < 0.05) in their mean scores viz., ‘Search bibliographic information’, ‘Browse the table of contents (TOC)’, ‘Browse only Abstracts’, ‘Access the full text of articles’, ‘For gathering research information’, ‘Facilitate teaching’, Keep updated in your subject’, ‘Writing proposals, reports, thesis etc.’, ‘Prepare for technical presentations’.

14. EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATION TO DETERMINE INCREASE IN TEMPERATURE WITH GLASS COVER IN SOLAR WATER HEATER

Authors- BIPLOB BORBORUAH, HARI KUMAR SINGH, DEBASMITA BAL, TAUSEEF ALAM

Abstract- Availability of fossil fuels is a serious threat to the development of mankind as humans became completely dependent on energy for their sustenance with the growing technological innovations. This led to the search of newer and alternative sources of energy which are clean and available in abundance with nature. Such a promising alternative source of energy is solar energy which has huge potential to solve the twin problem of growing demand and limited fossil fuel. Solar energy has already gained its popularity and utilized in various systems as solar dryer, solar cooker, solar water heater, solar refrigeration, and solar steam generators. In this paper, an experimental set up was developed of solar assisted steam generator coupled to parabolic concentrating collector and performance analysis of steam generating potential with and without glass cover has been determined and the increase in efficiency of steam generator with the former case has been verified. Temperature variation of the fluid inside the cylinder and ambient temperature has been noted down and increase in temperature of water as compared to ambient temperature has been also observed. Experimental results deduced showed that the temperature generated by solar steam generator is satisfactorily high and the increase in efficiency with installation of glass cover is remarkable.

15. AUTHENTICATE MEDICAL IMAGES USING CDCS

Authors- Mrs. KULKARNI PRATIBHA C., BHATIA S.K.

Abstract- In recent years, Radiology information systems (RIS), hospital information systems (HIS), picture archiving and Communication Systems (PACS) helps to store, access and distribute the medical data. But due to these developments medical information are easily available in open networks. As integrity and confidentiality of medical data is a serious issue for legal and ethical reasons, integrity and authentication of medical images and data is necessary. To achieve this aim Steganography is best solution. This paper proposes “image steganography” as a means to hide this medical data inside the image without losing it. This paper focused on the medical data hiding for security and authentication of medical images. In the proposed algorithm Class Dependent Coding Scheme is used to achieve maximum capacity of medical data. This scheme is depend on the probability of the occurrence of character in the medical data. In this technique characters are divided into three classes according to the probability of occurance. Medical image segmentation is done to protect diagnostically important part called region of interest (ROI). Text embedding is done in the rest part of an image called region of non interest (RONI). Also medical data can be embedded with LSB technique in medical image which is processed with discrete cosine transform.

16. PERSONALIZED WEB SEARCH WITH USER’S PROFILE IN RE‐RANKING

Authors- PANJARKAR ANMOL G., SHETE DEVAKINANDAN S., Mr. S. A. KAHATE

Abstract- Archetypal search engines are important for retrieving pertinent information from web. However these engines follow the “one size fits all” model which is not suitable to individual users. This paper is an attempt to gets better personalized web search. User’s Profile provides an important input for performing personalized web search. Personalized web search is an important field for tuning the beliefs IR system for focused information retrieval. This paper proposes a framework for constructing an Enhanced User Profile by using user’s browsing history and enriching it using domain knowledge. In this paper we have used the Enhanced User Profile specifically for suggesting pertinent pages to the user. This Enhanced User Profile can be used for improving the performance of personalized web search. The experimental results show that the suggestions provided to the user using Enhanced User Profile are better than those obtained by using a User Profile.

17. EFFECT ON COMPRESSION STRENGTH AND DURABILITY OF GEOPOLYMER CONCRETE BY USING SILICA FUME AND ACCELEROMETER AS A CURING COMPOUND

Authors- ABHIJITSINH PARMAR, BHRUGU KOTAK, DHAVAL M PATEL, VIDHI PATEL, MITTAL PATEL

Abstract- Concrete is 2nd largest material used and 1st artificial material used in world. 1 ton CO2 produced during 1 ton manufacture of Cement. With the passing of times, the emission of Carbon from different aspects are on a verge of rise, as the time passes by the rate goes on increasing, production of cement also adds up in the emission of carbon, Replacing Cement 100% by Fly Ash is a step taken to decrease the carbon emission from concrete, By replacing Geo‐polymers in concrete in place of cement by using waste materials as binders, & implementing various curing techniques to provide strength to our units. To achieve early age strength in Geopolymer concrete Oven curing for 24 hours is necessary. We have tried to other curing methods so that geopolymer concrete gains early age strength without oven curing so overall cost shall be minimized. In this research we have used Accelerometer and silica fume used as curing compound and cured geopolymer concrete with 5 different methods. 

18. FABRICATION AND REVIEW OF HYBRID ENGINE DRIVEN BY SOLAR SOURCE FOR POWER GENERATION

Authors- AKASH S GADDAMWAR, BHOJRAJ N KALE, SAGAR S GADDAMWAR

Abstract- The planet is progressively marching towards a serious energy crisis owing to an escalating desire of energy becoming greater than its supply. We have always accepted that the energy we make use of each day is not unrestricted, still we take it for granted. In the energy deficient world it is strongly felt that the use of solar energy as possible source is not being fully utilized. In the recent years, we all are facing electricity crisis. It’s time to harness the renewable energy resources of the nature. The solar energy utilizes to run a Stirling engine. In this paper a Stirling engine using renewable energy heat source. Review of study is done for the development of Solar Stirling engine which will help in development of the engine which can be used for generation of electricity for household application etc. Several methods will applied on the engine in order to improve its overall efficiency, and critical problem areas will be isolated and addressed.

19. A REVIEW ON THE EFFECTS OF BIOFERTILIZERS AND BIOPESTICIDES ON RICE AND TEA CULTIVATION AND PRODUCTIVITY

Authors- DEBOJYOTI ROYCHOWDHURY, MANIBRATA PAUL, SUDIP KUMAR BANERJEE

Abstract- In India intensive farming practices yield high product for which chemical fertilizers are used but these fertilizers are nowadays found harmful because they are creating environmental problems and also they are very expensive. Extensive uses of chemical fertilizers have adverse effects on human health. Dependence on chemical fertilizers and chemical pesticides for the future agricultural growth will result in further loss of soil quality , acidification of soil, possibility of ground water contamination and hence loss of ecological balance. These chemical fertilizers and chemical pesticides that are sprayed on vegetables and fruits poses toxicity to the human body. Recent advancement in the field of biofertilizers are creating growing level of interest because these fertilizers are environment friendly and are helping in having sustainable agricultural practice. These biofertilizers use living microorganisms that establishes symbiotic relationships with the plants or are an inoculation of microorganisms which promotes the plant growth by increasing the primary nutrient supply to the host plant and also retains the soil fertility. Similarly in the use of chemical pesticides many disadvantages are associated with it like the genetic changes in plant populations, food poisoning and other health problems which leads to cancer and has made the biopesticides to come in the picture which might reduce the use of these chemical pesticides. This review paper describes the facts of experimental results of the use of biofertilizers on two important exportable crops like Rice and Tea cultivation in India and as well as in foreign countries, with the current status of both biofertilizers and biopesticides in Indian Agriculture.

20. SAG MITIGATION IN DISTRIBUTION SYSTEMS USING DVR

Authors- P. MURALI, Dr. D. KIRUBAKARAN

Abstract- This paper deals with dynamic voltage restorers in order to mitigate voltage sags in power distribution systems symmetrical fault and unsymmetrical fault conditions. Here the DVR is used to generate the controllable phase voltage. The load voltage vector of magnitude and angle are used to desire phase angle and magnitude of dynamic injected the voltage during sag event, to restore the load voltage to pre‐sag conditions. A control technique based on a proportional–integral (PI) controller is used. This novel controller scheme simulated and, analyzed in MATLAB SIMULINK.

21. VIBRATION‐BASED DIAGNOSTIC OF STEAM TURBINE FAULTS USING EXTREME LEARNING MACHINE

Authors- DHULFIQAR MOHAMMED, FIRAS B. ISMAIL, YAZAN ALJEROUDI

Abstract- Automatic detection of faults and accurate diagnostic of them is very critical task in turbo machinery. Vibration signal is one rich source of information about turbo machinery conditions. Steam Turbine ST is one example of high‐complicated tubromachinery process where a mathematical modeling of its components is not easy. In this context, we propose an Artificial Neural Network ANN based model for condition monitoring of ST based on vibration signal. Four High Pressure HP vibration variables for rotor in ST are analysed. Fault trends are inserted in the same time interval. Time domain shapelet features are extracted, and used to train one hidden layer, feed‐forward, ANN using Extreme Learning Machine ELM training method. The outcome is a condition‐monitoring model based on artificial neural network ANN. Root Square Mean Error (RMSE) is reported as a validation measures for different neurons numbers, and activation functions. ELM based neural network showed a convergence toward less than 10% RMSE for more than 60 neurons in hidden layer.

22. SOIL BASED REMOTE SENSING TECHNIQUES FOR FORECASTING POTENTIAL AREAS FOR MULBERRY CULTIVATION

Authors- GARGI BHANDARI, SUNITA BHANDARI

Abstract- Remote sensing techniques can be effectively employed to sense various parameters recommended for mulberry tree. In this paper, we present detailed analysis of the soil required by mulberry tree. Using remote sensing techniques, thermal conductivity of soil can be estimated which may help us in identifying areas with the required soil type. Soil pH can be captured by the satellite. Using color image processing techniques, land areas satisfying the desired pH requirements can be identified. Thus, soil suitable for mulberry, both in terms of pH and thermal conductivity can hence be located. The paper proposes an advisory system to forecast potential areas for mulberry cultivation.

23. EXPOSURE ASSESSMENT AND MORPHOLOGICAL STUDY OF RESPIRABLE SUSPENDED PARTICULATE MATTER (RSPM) EMITTED FROM HOUSEHOLD FUELS

Authors- SHILPA B. S., LOKESH K. S.

Abstract- The present work is on the study of particulates emitted in three households for different fuels (Kerosene, Biomass and LPG). Three sampling stations were considered in Mysore city. Indoor concentration of Respirable Suspended Particulate Matter (RSPM) emitted from the three fuels were monitored using Personal air sampler. Sampling before, during and after cooking was carried out for 2 hours. The average indoor concentrations before, during and after cooking were found to be 67.93, 298.40 and 95.15μg/m3 respectively for kerosene. The average Indoor concentrations before, during and after cooking was found to be 67.06, 1484.89 and 485.768μg/m3 while the average concentrations for Indoor before, during and after cooking were found to be 53.03 μg/m3, 62.17 μg/m3and 57.22μg/m3 respectively for LPG. Biomass seems to emit high concentrations of RSPM followed by kerosene and LPG. To study the morphology of RSPM, filter papers were examined using Scanning Electron Microscopy. From these SEM images, it was observed that particles has tendency to form flocculated aggregates, referred to as ‘spherules’ less than 100nm in equivalent spherical diameter (ESD), called as nanosized PM, where as Individual particles or ‘spherulites’, are less than 10nm in ESD. As there is greater pulmonary deposition efficiency of NPs, with their large surface area (SA) leads to cardiopulmonary toxicity. These PM may be able to cross the air barrier in the respiratory tract, which may lead to health effects such as inflammation, cardiac disruption and even may lead to death.

24. LI‐FI TECHNOLOGY IN WIRELESS COMMUNICATION

Author- GIRIRAJ KR. PATIDAR

Abstract- LI‐FI is a broadcast of information during lighting, transfer information through a LED light bulb that intensity varies quicker than human eye can track. Whether you are by means of wireless internet in a coffee house, thieving it from the guy subsequently door, or participating for bandwidth at a convention, you have almost certainly gotten irritated at the slow speed you face when more than one apparatus is tapped addicted to the association. As more and more public and their many devices access wireless internet, stopped up airwaves are departing to make it one germen physicist Herald Haas has come up with a way out he calls “data and information throughout lighting” taking the fibber out of fibre optic by transfer data and information all the way through an LED light bulb that varies in intensity quickly than the human being eye can go behind that varies in intensity faster than the human eye can go behind. LIGHT, can generate data & information rates more rapidly than 10 megabits per second, which is faster than your average broadband link. He envisions a outlook where data and information for tablets, smart phones, and laptops is inherited through the light in an area. And safety would be snap if you can`t see the light, you can`t access the information. 

25. EFFECT OF EDM PARAMETERS ON THE AVERAGE SURFACE ROUGHNESS DURING MACHINING OF AISID3 DIE STEEL IN PRESENCE OF SILICON CARBIDE POWDER IN DIELECTRIC FLUID

Authors- PANKAJ SINGH YADAV, BHUVNESH BHARDWAJ, KULBHUSHAN BHAGAT, MOHIT CHOUBISA

Abstract- Electric discharge machining is a thermal energy method used to remove the material by melting & evaporation of tiny particles aided by cavitation and widely used in die making process. The area of research work is to study the effect of machining parameters like voltage, current, pulse on‐time & pulse off‐time on the material removal rate and surface roughness of AISID3 die steel using kerosene with Si‐C powder as die‐electric fluid and copper as an electrode by EDM. The experiment was designed using DESIGN EXPERT software, response surface methodology with Central composite design and analyzed using ANOVA analysis. It is found that as voltage increases MRR & Ra decreases, IP increases MRR & Ra increases slightly, TON increases MRR & Ra increases and TOFF increases MRR & Ra decreases. And maximum MRR was 81.21mm3/min and Minimum Ra was 3.418 mm. at voltage of 37.50V, current value of 15.50A, pulse on‐time of 200μs & pulse off‐time of 56μs. After analysis it is found that pulse on‐time is most significant parameter to affect MRR & Ra within the range of 6‐25A & 30‐45V.

26. EVALUATE, REDESIGN & FABRICATE SOLAR PARABOLIC DISH COLLECTOR FOR EFFECTIVE SOLAR RAYS CONCENTRATION

Authors- MD. WALIULLAH, HARI KUMAR SINGH, AFJAUL ANSARI, MD. ZEYAUL MUSTAFA KHAN

Abstract- In the present scenario solar energy emerges as one of the most reliable, promising and infinite source of non‐conventional energy and to harness it many alternative methods are developed so far and many more efficient energy harnessing methods are still in its various phases of development in which solar parabolic disc collector based solar energy harnessing method seems more promising and effective for those areas where sunlight intensity remain always at its average like gulf countries of middle east Asia as well as major deserts of the worlds because of its limitless expansion as well as advantageous availability of solar rays much more intense than any other part of the world. Generally solar parabolic disc collectors reflect the solar rays and concentrate it into a point where due to conversion of solar ray, the temperature increases. But the efficiency is largely depend upon curve angle of solar parabolic disc, material’s, reflective index which is used to develop disc. This paper present evaluation of a designed solar parabolic dish collectors. An experimental set‐up is constructed and tested in Mechanical block, Suresh Gyan Vihar University, Jaipur (latitude 26.9260° N, longitude 75.8235° E, altitude 431m above sea level), Rajasthan, India. Maximum peak focal point temperature was found to be 228 °C on first day at 2 PM. Maximum average focal point temperature was found to be 217 °C at 2 PM. Focal point temperature increases from 9 AM ‐ 2 PM and decreases after 2 PM. Temperature above 200°C was recorded against the ambient temperature which was a good sense of efficiency.

27. MATLAB/SIMLINK MODEL FOR THREE PHASE HYBRID MULTILEVEL INVERTER BASED ON HALF BRIDGE MODULES

Authors- E. MADHANA GOPAL, M. SIVA SHANKAR, S. ASHWAK HUSSAIN

Abstract- Nowadays the multilevel inverters are widely used in power electronic applications. The multilevel inverters are recommended for medium and high voltage applications. Multilevel inverters have become more popular due to reduced switching losses, low costs, low harmonic distortion and high voltage capability when compared to traditional PWM inverters. This paper deals with hybrid multilevel converter which is synthesize of neutral point clamped and cascaded multilevel inverter. The hybrid multilevel converter is proposed for medium voltage large power ratings. The proposed converter consisting of voltage source inverter connected with half bridge modules at each phase. With the proposed connection large portion of energy can be preceded by the VSI by connecting single multi pulse rectifier. The smaller power shares processed within the half bridge modules. The modulation scheme for hybrid multilevel inverter is naturally achieved by using logic circuit. The modulation scheme for four‐level version is analyzed in detail for higher modulation (HM), three level version is analyzed for lower modulation (LM). This modulation scheme allows unidirectional power flow in all DC sources. For unidirectional application, the diode bridges are employed at rectification input side. The modulation schemes of sinusoidal pulse width modulation (SPWM), space vector PWM (SVPWM) are analyzed by using MATLAB/SIMLINK. The comparison of THD’s for SPWM and SVPWM modulation techniques done by using MATLAB/SIMLINK.

28. DETECTION OF DUPLICATE RECORD USING GENETIC ALGORITHM

Authors- SHITAL GUJAR, AVINASH SHRIVAS

Abstract- In the upcoming growing of technology the use of databases are very high. As the use of databases grows higher the dirty data on the other side is the biggest disadvantage with the databases. Dirty data can contain such mistakes as spelling or punctuation, incorrect data associated with a field, incomplete or outdated data or even data that is duplicated in the database. Various data cleaning software’s are used to remove the dirty data. In our paper we are proposed a concept of Genetic programming approach to record Deduplication that combines several different pieces of evidence extracted from the data content to find a Deduplication function that is able to identify whether two entries in a repository are replicas or not. In addition, our genetic programming approach is capable of automatically adapting these functions to a given fixed replica identification boundary. We are applying this genetic programming approach for the blood bank database management to deduplicate the records.

29. FACIAL IMAGE MORPHING FOR ANIMATION USING MESH WARPING AND CROSS DISSOLVING TECHNIQUE

Authors- D B SHIRORE, S R BAJI

Abstract- Image morphing has proven to be a powerful visual effects tool in film and television and in the fluid transformation of one image into another, too. Image Morphing comes from the word Metamorphosis which means change shape as well size of an image. Morphing means transition from one object to another. An animation technique metamorphoses the first image into the second. Image morphing process has two steps: first step is, image is gradually distorted and is faded out and the second step is, image starts out totally distorted toward the first and is faded in. The morph process consists of two steps: first is warping two images so that they have the same shape and second step is the cross dissolving the resulting images. A warping means 2‐D geometric transformation and generates a distorted image when it is applied to an image. Cross‐dissolve is nothing but color transformation. In this paper the image morphing is implemented using mesh warping method and for implementing that we used MATLAB using some images, which are captured from digital camera. After performing morphing process, the program will output N images. These images can then be used together into a short animated sequence.

30. ENRICHING INFORMATION BROKERING SYSTEM WITH PRIVACY USING SECURED WEB PLATFORM

Authors- MRS. PUNAM NIKAM, PROF. CHHAYA NAYAK, PROF. VIBHA MADUSKAR

Abstract- In recent era, large amount of data are collected in different organizations like health care centers, Law enforcement systems, government organizations, the needs of security for inter communication through information sharing efficiently arises. Information brokering system is the process of collecting and re‐distributing information. Now days, information brokering system has honest assumptions on brokers who can fulfill the requirements of user by locating right data provider where required data is present. Data broker collects large amount of detailed information from thousand or million of provider and also responsible for user authentication and request forwarding to appropriate user. With increasing concerns on protecting the sensitive data, the organizations prefer information sharing in a privacy‐preserving manner, instead of purely full trust on brokers as the brokers may leak information to unauthorized users or even be hacked. It follows that sensitive data have to be encrypted before outsourcing for data privacy, user privacy. In this research work, we Enriched information brokering system with privacy using secured web platform by proposing a new secrete key generation algorithm. Also to enrich privacy used Hybrid Cryptosystem with the use of Selective encryption using AES, Vigenere Cipher, and Reverse Circle Cipher without explicit key and Hybrid Algorithm for Data Compression Using Genetic and Advanced Huffman Algorithm for word and PDF files. By using these algorithm the PPIB system using web platform will require less time than Distributed PPIB.

31. AN OPTIMAL ALGORITHM FOR EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN IN INVERSION WITH APPLICATION TO SUBSURFACE SENSING

Authors- YIJUN YU, NAILONG GUO

Abstract- We consider the optimal placement of multiple transmitter and receiver antennas for subsurface sensing of soil heterogeneities. The technique employed is based on the theory of optimal experiments, and may be used in general inverse scattering problems. Specifically, the method represents the inversion as a parameter‐estimation problem, where the parameters of interest are defined by the heterogeneity (target) profile. Each possible antenna placement constitutes a class of data that may be measured (defining an “experiment”). The algorithm is based on the Fisher information matrix, and the antennas are placed in positions to maximize the Fisher matrix. Example results are presented for the problem of imaging the spatial electrical properties of layered materials (e.g., soils), here based on simulated data.

32. EXPERIMENTAL STUDY OF FORCED CONVECTION SOLAR DRYER FOR FOOD MATERIAL

Authors- MD RUKSHAD ALI, Dr.P.B.L CHAURASIA, ASISH KUMAR, HARI K SINGH, MD ALAMGIR

Abstract- The Solar energy is one of the huge sources of renewable energy in the world by using these energy we develop a solar food dryer. The energy we are getting in this experiment are used for the removing the moisture that results in reducing the weight of the product which we are to be dried. We are experienced on two type of dryer like Natural and Forced convection solar dryer are designed for the farmer’s and the constructed material which are easily available in the local market. These types of dryer mainly used in the small scale and the home appliances. The fans were installed for the force convection and the energy obtained directly from sun through Photovoltaic‐power system, we directly attached the fan with this system which worked without accumulator and load controller. When the solar radiation increases the speed of the fan also increases and vice versa. The advantages of the solar food dried are to protect in the dryer from the dust, animal, birds and vitamin losses, lots of devices available in the market to remove moisture but it is the safe, best and economical way for the farmer.

33. STUDY ON PRE & POST TENSIONING STRUCTURE DEVICE DEVELOPMENT

Authors- SAURABH SINGH, Dr. (PROF.) A. K SINHA, P.N. MATHUR

Abstract- The idea of prestressed concrete has been around since the latter periods of the 19th century, but its usage was limited by the quality of the materials at that time. It took until the 1920s and ‘30s for its materials development to growth to a level where prestressed concrete could be used with confidence. Freyssinet in France, Magnel in Belgium and Hoyer in Germany were the principle developers. The idea of prestressing has also been applied to many other forms, such as: Wagon wheels, Riveting, Barrels, i.e. the cooper’strade. In these cases heated metal is made to just fit an object. When the metal cools it contracts inducing prestress into the object [1].The use of prestressed concrete to provide the required strength and toughness in concrete structural elements is well known in the industry. Due to the internal structural mechanics resulting from prestressing, a substantial reduction in the requirement for construction material such as concrete and steel will occur. This not only reduces the cost of production but also reduces the weight of the structural elements and thus lowers the costs of handling, transporting, and erecting the precast elements. The cost of Prestressing can be greatly reduced when fabrication of structural units involves Precasting with efficient long line mass production methods which in turn effectuate the economies of scale. A significant contribution to the progress of precast concrete technology is the development of connection details and devices that enhance the simplicity and convenience in erecting and joining together the various precast elements to form a reliable integrated structurally sound building frame.

34. DATA MINING APPROACH FOR DIAGNOSING TYPE 2 DIABETES

Authors- MS.TEJASHRI N. GIRI, PROF. S.R.TODAMAL

Abstract- In medical field doctors need available information for decision making. Now day’s data mining method is applied in medical research in order to analyze large volume of medical data. This study attempts to use data mining method to analyze the database of diabetes and used for diagnosing for archiving better result. so this paper focus on analysis of diabetes data by various data mining technique.

35. MODIFIED INDIRECT EVAPORATIVE COOLING SYSTEM FOR DESERT COOLER

Authors- KUMAR SAURAV, HARI KUMAR SINGH

Abstract- This paper presents a modified indirect evaporative cooling system for desert cooler. The phenomenon of evaporative cooling system is common process in nature and are being used from ancient times. In fact the main objective is to control humidity. In this cooling system various components are introduce for modification. In an indirect evaporative cooling (IEC), the primary air flow is used to supply the cool air to the room. The main reason for modification is because the operating cost on the system is decrease and it consumed less power.

36. GAUGE FIELDS REQUIREMENT FOR AN INVARIANT LAGRANGIAN UNDER SYMMETRY TRANSFORMATIONS
 
Author- Dr. DEV RAJ MISHRA
 
Abstract- The pedagogical introduction about the invariance of Lagrangian under an abelian gauge transformation is presented. The term responsible for interactions appears in the covariant derivative in the Lagrangian. Gauge fields and tensors appear as the natural consequences of this symmetry.
Keywords‐ Covariance, Abelian Symmetry, QED, Lattice Gauge Theory.