VOLUME 8 Issue 6

13 Nov

A Review on Early Detection of Cancer using Machine Learning Techniques

Authors- M. Tech. Scholar Animesh Urgiriye, Assistant Professor Ms. Rupali Bhartiya

Abstract- Finding cancer disease in a beginning phase prompts an early treatment which brings down the danger of dreariness and mortality. The conclusion of oral malignancy stays a test to dental calling especially in the location, assessment and the board of beginning stage oral disease. Because of absence of ideal analysis utilizing regular techniques, AI approach is utilized for recognizing and grouping oral malignancy at a previous stage. AI procedures are utilized to demonstrate the movement and therapy of harmful location and can foresee future results of disease type adequately. Blend of proficient AI and highlight determination calculations gives better outcomes in early finding and forecast of oral malignancy. The fundamental objective and commitment of this audit paper is to sum up the utilization of AI strategies for precise expectation of oral malignant growth at a prior stage.

Facial Expression Recognition Convolutional Neural Network

Authors- M.Tech. Student Palak Jain, H.O.D. and Assistant Professor Anamika Pyasi

Abstract- Focusing on the effect of neighborhood obstacle on enunciation affirmation, this paper proposes an improved cross-related multi-layer LeNet-5 Convolution Neural Network model. Under obstacle conditions, traditional machine learning systems are not ground-breaking on account of nonattendance of picture information and uproar deterrent, and the recognition rate is poor. Taking into account the advantages of significant learning in feature extraction, this paper incorporates a convolution layer and a pooling layer reliant on the LeNet-5 model. The low-level features removed from the framework structure are combined with the huge level features to build up the classifier. The undeniable features are removed by using the trainable convolution piece, and the evacuated certain features are reduced by the pooling layer. Finally, the Softmax classifier is used for course of action and affirmation. The distinction investigates between the hindrance confirmation and the occlusion weakness is done, and the obstruction quality of the improved procedure is affirmed.

A Enhancement of Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Performance and Efficiency Using Power System Topology

Authors- Deepshikha Nayak, Associate Professor Ritesh Diwan

Abstract- A implantation of energy conversion systems which use solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) as their primary electricity generation component is presented. The systems reviewed are largely geared for development and use in the short- and long-term future. These include systems for bulk power generation, distributed power generation, and systems integrated with other forms of energy conversion such as fuel production. The potential incorporation of CO2 capture and sequestration technologies and the influences of potential government policies are also discussed.

The Role of Robotic Process Automation (RPA) in Educational Institution

Authors- Prasanna Prem, M.E., M.B.A.

Abstract- Robotic process automation (RPA) is the future for most of the processes which are done by human. Robotic process Automation is the optimised solution for automation based on in various sectors such as IT, Financial accounting, Supply chain, etc., to automate well-defined and repetitive tasks. In this paper I came up with an Automation solution for the education sector. This paper shows the process of sending the mail of student’s attendance to their respective parent using Automation. The automation process takes input as the daily attendance in the form of a excel file. I utilized automation on this input file using one of the automation tools called UIPath. My result exhibit that the process involved does not contain any errors, also the required time for this analysis is around 94.44% less as compared to manual analysis by human.

Digital Image Watermarking using Discrete Wavelet Transform and Discrete Cosine Transform

Authors- Research Scholar Gazala Sultan, Dr. Neetesh Raghuwanshi, Dr. Bharti Chourasia

Abstract- Telemedicine is well known application where enormous amount of medical data need to be transferred securely over network and manipulate effectively. Security of digital data, especially medical images, becomes important for many reasons such as confidentiality, authentication and integrity. Digital watermarking has emerged as a advanced technology to enhance the security of digital images. The insertion of watermark in medical images can authenticate it and guarantee its integrity. The watermark must be generally hidden does not affect the quality of the medical image. In this paper, we study of digital watermarking based on Discrete Wavelet Transform (DWT) and Discrete Cosine Transform (DCT). This method can be used for authentication and data hiding purposes. The future work can be extended to hybrid DWT and single value decomposition (SVD) method to improve the robustness of the watermark.

Digital Watermarking Scheme Based on SVD- DWT Technique with Different Noise Attacks

Authors- Research Scholar Gazala Sultan, Dr. Neetesh Raghuwanshi, Dr. Bharti Chourasia

Abstract- In order to improve the robustness and imperceptibleness of the algorithm, a new embedding and extracting method with DWT-SVD is proposed. The approximation matrix of the third level of image in DWT domain is modified with SVD to embed the singular value of watermark to the singular value of DWT coefficient. The proposed embedding and extracting method was employed to accelerate the hybrid DWT-SVD watermarking and to avoid the leak of watermark. This hybrid technique leads to optimize both the fundamentally conflicting requirements. The experimental results show both the good robustness under numerous attacks and the high fidelity. The time needed to perform the program is greatly decreased.

Service Quality measurement during COVID-19 – An investigation of Private Health Services in Kashmir

Authors- Mateen Yousuf

Abstract- This research examines the impact of dimensions of service quality in private health institutions in Srinagar, Kashmir. Service quality is the ultimate goal of healthcare. The goal of any healthcare institute is to treat the sick and prevent diseases. The state run hospitals are heavily subsidized by the public exchequer whereas the privately owned and run hospitals make their revenues by running for-profit institutions. Almost all the private health institutions which operate in Srinagar, Kashmir are owned by local doctors who have started the ventures on their own with very little FDI. With a stiff competition among private payers, they are banking on personalized care and improved service quality to differentiate themfrom the competition. Private healthcare reduces the burden on the overburdened public healthcare system, providing jobs to qualified medical personnel, catering to patients who prefer specialized care and can afford it. The literature on this topic consisted of research papers and dissertation submissions on healthcare management and service quality measurement. Research Gap was identified as only a limited research had been conducted on measurement of service quality in private healthcare in Srinagar. This research collected the data using a survey method by employing a questionnaire which contained 22 items measured on a 5 point Likert scale. A sample of 100 patients was chosen who were treated in last 6 months in private hospitals in Srinagar district. SPSS was employed to analyse the questionnaire. Cronbach’s alpha was applied in SPSS to check the reliability of data. Gap analysis was performed on the mean of the responses where the pre-service and after-service perceptions of patients were compared. Factor Analysis, Pearson’s Co-relations, t-Test and other co-relation techniques were performed to derive inferences and mineuseful information from the data. The results inferred that all the factors had a considerable and measurable significant impact on the service quality. It was inferred from the results that the perception of service quality of private hospitals in Srinagar was high. The service provided was perceived to be better than what was expected. The patients were satisfied with care, response, tangibles, and safety with private hospitals in Srinagar.

Adsorption of Pb(II) and Cd(II) From Aqueous Solution Using Citrullus Lanatus (Water Melon) Peel as a Low Cost Adsorbent

Authors- Swarnabala Jena

Abstract- In the present study Citrullus lanatus (Botanical name of Watermelon) peel an agro waste is considered as an effective adsorbent for the removal of Pb (II) and Cd (II) from the aqueous solution. The effect of pH, adsorbent dose, initial concentration, time and temperature were studied in batch mode adsorption experiment. Maximum amount adsorption capacity of Watermelon rind (WR) was found to be 94.65% for Pb (II) at pH 2 and 78.8% for Cd (II) at pH 8.The equilibrium process was described well by Langmuir adsorption isotherm. Kinetic data obtained in this study are fitted to pseudo 2nd order and Infra particle diffusion model.

ML: Conception, Algorithms and Relevance

Authors- Indu Maurya

Abstract- In the course of recent decades, ML has advanced from the undertaking of scarcely any PC devotees misusing the chance of PCs figuring out how to mess around, and a piece of Science (Insights) that only here and there thought about computational methodologies, to an autonomous examination discipline that has not just given the important base to factual computational standards of learning methodology, yet in addition has developed various algorithms that are consistently utilized for text translation, design acknowledgment, and a numerous other business purposes and has prompted a different exploration enthusiasm for information mining to recognize shrouded normalities or inconsistencies in social information that developing by second. This paper centers around clarifying the idea and advancement of Ml, a portion of the well known ML calculations and attempt to look at three most mainstream calculations dependent on some essential thoughts. Sentiment one forty dataset was utilized and execution of every calculation as far as preparing time, forecast time and exactness of expectation have been reported and thought about.

A Review On Seismic Analysis And Design Of Cable Stayed Bridge With Different Cable Arrangements

Authors- Research Scholar Abhishek Pandey, Prof. Nitesh Kushwaha

Abstract- This work will deal with the critical review of work done by various authors on design and analysis for different cables arrangement with the different shapes of pylon using STAAD Pro. Various authors made comparison considering shear force, bending moment, displacements for all the cases. The review work will make in respect to the efficiency of one of the arrangements. This can be useful in the modifying the drawbacks of others

A Method and Approach for Symbian Boot Loader

Authors- Dr.C. Brintha Malar, Dr.K.Siva Sankar

Abstract- Symbian is a linux based operating system which uses linux kernel. In this paper we will see how the boot up process of symbian is different from linux and how the different applications in an Symbian System communicate with each other. As a Symbian Application is made up of different activities so through this paper we will also come to know about how the activity changes their states and the whole lifecycle of an activity.

Bayesian Image Segmentation using HMRF Algorithm : A Review

Authors- M.Tech. Scholar Pooja Panchal, Asst. Prof. Shyog Sharma

Abstract- Image Segmentation Is A Canonical Inverse Problem Which Involves Classifying Image Pixels Into Clusters That Are Spatially Coherent And Have Well Defined Boundaries. It Is Widely Accepted That This Task Can Be Formulated As A Statistical Inference Problem And Most State-Of-The-Art Image Segmentation Methods Compute Solutions By Performing Statistical Inference. In This Paper, We Have Reviewed The Hidden Markov Random Field, And Its Expectation-Maximization Algorithm.

To Investigate Some Critical Risk Factors in Supply Chain Management

Authors- M.Tech. Scholar Abhishek Chourey, Prof. Sachin Jain, Prof. Shyam Kumar Barode

Abstract- SCM is a cross-function approach including managing the movement of raw materials into an
organization, certain aspects of the internal processing of materials into finished goods ,and the movement of
finished goods out of the organization and toward the end-consumer.The prime objective of this study is to
Study of critical risk factors in SCM and To examine the effectuation of cost in SCM. The role of various critical
risk factors in the manufacturing productivity in the organizations is also analyzed. . The literature review has
indicated that there is less use critical risk factors in the small scale industries. In this study, initiative has been
taken to implement the various risk factors in the manufacturing industries. After identification of the rese arch
gaps, the objectives of the study are formulated. This analysis yielded some useful results which are
implemented to improve the existing processes.

Improve the BER in MIMO-OFDM with MMSE Equaliser using Turbo Code

Authors- M.Tech.Scholar Aashish Murlidhar Bhangale, Dr. Asst.Prof. Neetesh Raghuwanshi, Dr. Asst.Prof. Bharti Chourasia(HOD)

Abstract- MIMO-OFDM is considered as a fast growing technology now days. OFDM is a multi carrier modulation technique in which the carriers are Orthogonal to each others as a result of which it provides high bandwidth efficiency and multiple carriers share the data among themselves. During the research equalizer is always a matter of strategies. When a signal is transmitted over a radio channel, it is subject to reflection, refraction and diffraction and also the type of modulation technique selected at transmitter. In this paper Bit Error Rate performance of OFDM under Rayleigh fading channel is analysed, and compared with Additive White Gaussian Noise Channel.

Cyber Wars as a Novel Universal Hazard

Authors- Phd Scholar Col Bhim Sen, Dr. F. R. Khan, Dr. S.M. Salim (HOD)

Abstract- In this paper, an attempt is made to analyze the potential threats and consequences of cyber conflicts and, in particular, the risks of a global cyber conflict. The material is based on a comprehensive analysis of the nature of cyber conflict and its elements from both technical and societal points of view. The approach used in the paper considers the societal component as an essential part of cyber conflicts, allowing basics of cyber conflicts often disregarded by researchers and the public to be highlighted. Finally, the conclusion offers an opportunity to consider cyber conflict as the most advanced form of modern warfare, which imposes the most serious threat and whose effect could be comparable to weapons of mass destruction.

Thermal analysis of an optimized design of a coffee maker with a plunger flask

Authors- Vighnesh Sharma, Seshendra Kalyan Pepakayala

Abstract- This paper represents an approach for designing a perfect coffee machine which blends the coffee with enhancedessence from the coffee beans. The current coffee machine in market has certain problems such as leakage of steam, incorrect material usage, and machine not being handy, and not having enough essence from the coffee beans.Considering these points, a flask with a plunging mechanism has been designed which enhances the essence after thecoffee is prepared. The size and weight of the machine have been restricted to make it handy and light weight.Wooden base plate provides required insulation. Thermal analysis on Autodesk Fusion360 was performedto ensure that the durability was not compromised with, because of the constraints such as weight, size, and price.

Facial Expression Recognitionusing CNN

Authors- M.Tech. Scholar Vaishali Sharma, Asst. Prof. Vijay Yadav

Abstract- Focusing on the effect of neighborhood obstacle on enunciation affirmation, this paper proposes an improved cross- related multi-layer LeNet-5 Convolutional Neural Network model. Under obstacle conditions, traditional machine learning systems are not ground-breaking on account of nonattendance of picture information and uproar deterrent, and the recognition rate is poor. Taking into account the advantages of significant learning in feature extraction, this paper incorporates a convolution layer and apooling layer reliant on the LeNet-5 model. The low-level features removed from the framework structure are combined with the huge level features to build up the classifier. The undeniable features are removed by using the trainable convolution piece, and the evacuated certain features are reduced by the pooling layer. Finally, the Softmax classifieris used for course of action and affirmation. The distinction investigate between the hindrance confirmation and the conclusion weakness is done, and the obstruction quality of the improved iprocedure is affirmed.

Impact of the temperature and humidity gradient on the modulus of elasticity of the wood material: application to the optimal use of sapelli and movingui

Authors- Talla Fotsing Guillaume Blaise, Bawe Gerard Nfor, Talla Pierre Kisito

Abstract- Wood is a porous and hygroscopic material: depending on relative humidity or temperature, it is able to absorb and released water until a state of water balance reached. Like all mechanical properties of wood, the modulus of elasticity is dependent on water content and temperature. It is one of the main mechanical properties measured to characterize wood materials. However, this property is rarely described for tropical wood species [7, 9] and their determination does not often integrate the thermo-hydric variation. The aim of this paper is to find the relationship between longitudinal modulus of elasticity and the humidity gradients temperature of a porous material in general, and for the two species of tropical woods (the Sapelli, scientifically named cylindrical entandrophragma and the movingui, called distemonanthus benthamianus) in particular. The samples were subjected to the four-point bending test at different levels of load, temperature and humidity. The modulus values obtained for the two species were correlated correctly. They validated the formulation of the longitudinal modulus of elasticity in the thermoelastic range.

Improve the performance of image compression approach using hybrid method in Wireless Sensor Network

Authors- M.Tech.Scholar Akhil Ashok Patil, Dr. Asst.Prof. Neetesh Raghuwanshi , Dr. Asst.Prof. Bharti Chourasia(HOD)

Abstract- Image Compression Techniques May Be Divided Into Two Ways Namely, Lossy And Lossless Compression. Irrespective Of The Advantages Of Lossy Compression, They Are Not Used In Medical Science Due To Fact That In Lossy Compression, Some Important Data May Be Over-Ridden Due To Compression, Which Do Not Happen In Lossless Compression. Lossy Compression Is Generally Used In Streaming Media And Telephone Applications. The Aim Of Data Compression Is To Reduce The Memory Space Or The Transmission Time, Especially For Wireless Sensor Networks (Wsns) Because Of The Energy Constraints. In This Paper Hybrid Techniques Used For Image Compression. K-Mean Clustering With Pso Is Used For This Purpose. Our Proposed Method Implemented On Matlab Software And Compares The Performance Of Proposed Method With Existing Methods.

Optimization of Process and Flow of Goods in Logistics Supply Chain Management

Authors- M.Tech. Scholar Kamlesh Thakre, Prof. Sachin Jain, Prof, Shyam Kumar Barode

Abstract- Logistics management is the part of supply chain that arranges, actualizes, and controls the
proficient, powerful forward, and turns around stream and capacity of merchandise, administrations, and related data between the purpose of inception and the purpose of utilization with a specific end goal to meet client’s requirements. The main goal of the study is to investigate the implementation of bearing material supply system in local industry with simultaneous pick-up and delivery within time limitation and examine its effects on overall performance and total cost. Our aim is that the conduction of the research provides optimization of the supply chain network for the development of bearing logistics in industry as an alternative system.

Comparative Performance and Emission Analysis of BS-IV and BS-VI Diesel Fuel using BS-III C.I. Engine

Authors- PG Student Sunil Kumar Sen, Asst. Prof. Anoop Kumar Pathariya , Asst.Prof. Hitesh Khare

Abstract- Generally, Internal combustion engines (ICEs) are primarily responsible for the production of carbon dioxide (CO2), carbon monoxide (CO), hydrocarbons (HC) and oxides of nitrogen (NOx). Particulate matter (PM) or carbon soot, is another by-product of diesel as well as direct-injection petrol engines. To reduce vehicular pollution, Government of India introduced BS-VI vehicular emission standard in place of BS- IV. So India is all set to move to a BS-VI future. The Bharat stage -VI emission norms is the advanced emission standard for the automobiles and is equivalent to Euro-VI norms currently in place across countries in Europe. Due to this leading auto makers had to hike their investments to upgrade existing models and make them BS-VI technology. Therefore, in this study an attempt has been made to compare the performance characteristics following parameters were studied: Brake power, mechanical efficiency, Brake mean effective pressure, specific fuel consumption, Brake thermal efficiency and volumetric efficiency. Further emission analysis of BS-IV and BS-VI Diesel fuel in C.I. Engine was also analyzed. Results indicate that BS-VI diesel fuel has higher performance characteristics and lower emission level than BS-IV diesel fuel.

Computer Vision Based Driving Alert System on a Smart Phone

Authors- PG Student Ahmed Al Shahab, Asst. Prof. Adiba Shaikh

Abstract- Drowsy driving takes thousands of lives; we could prevent these accidents using computer vision, and small & low-cost hardware system. In this paper we will go through a system which helps us to detect driver drowsiness while driving and alert the driver, speed control for parents and transporters, GPS tracking for locating driver/ children, home direction if child/driver forgot the direction of home, tips help the driver with safe driving tips and control vehicle, this system could prevent road accidents due to drowsy driving, at the end of this paper, discussed drowsiness detection system using computer vision Smart Phone.

Survey on Different Bricks Ingredients, Classification and Suitability Tests

Authors- M.Tech. Scholar Prateek Chourawar, Asst. Prof. Raviraj Singh Gabbi

Abstract- The possibility of using innovative building materials and eco-friendly technologies, more so covering waste material is the need of the decade. Current ingredient increasing the cost of concrete, so researcher uses some alternative material like M-sand, fly ash, slag, Industrial waste and some other natural ingredient like rice husk, rice husk Ash, etc. This paper has summarized various bricks ingredients done by researcher of this field. Steps of brick preparation was also detailed in the paper. As per assembling and readiness classification of brick were also list. Various Testing methods were explained in the paper for finding the strength, mechanical property as per admixtures.

Survey on Ingredients Importance and Combination in Brick Manufacturing

Authors- M.Tech. Scholar Nilesh Kumar Deshmukh, Asst. Prof. Raviraj Singh Gabbi

Abstract- In India, bricks are mainly composed up of clay, and are generally produced in traditional, unorganized small scale industries. Red clay bricks making consumes larger amount of clay which leads to top soil removal and land degradation. To avoid this threats brick made of waste that is originated from the waste as a residue from the different industries and factories. This paper has detailed the different combination of bricks proposed by various researcher of this field. Paper has finds the type of bricks as per manufacturing method. Paper has found the important brick ingredients with advantages of the supplement for brick manufacturing.

RE Wall: A Review On An Innovation In Construction Industry

Authors- M.Tech. Scholar Salman Shaikh , Asst. Prof. Priyanka Dubey

Abstract- Weak or soft soil is considered unsafe for construction of engineering structures. We need to adopt some technique to avoid adverse effect of such soil. To bring about improvement in such soil ground improvement techniques are utilized in these days. In respect to retaining wall, RE wall construction is quite favorable as it is economical as well as easy to construct. In this type of construction reinforcement is done by Geosynthetics or Geotextiles. Pressure is reduced effectively by introducing these items (Saran et al. 1992). Lateral thrust on the wall is nearly eliminated because of the development of soil-reinforcement interface friction and bearing. These varieties of walls are easy to assemble and saves time. Geosynthetic Reinforced Wall is most economical among all wall categories (Koerner2000). Different sorts of reinforcements are to be had as alternative for soil reinforcement like; geosynthetics, aluminium strips, bamboo strips and other cloth for the soil improvement. Use of planar geosynthetic reinforcement is most popular way of reinforcement used. Different studies are done to understand the potential and mechanism of soil reinforcement. Researchers have considered different soil parameters and reinforcement parameters and their impact on the behaviour of reinforced soil quantity which takes a huge amount of time and resources.

An Assessment Of Diagrid, Pentagrid And Hexagrid

Authors- M.Tech. Scholar Salman Shaikh , Asst. Prof. Priyanka Dubey

Abstract- Weak or soft soil is considered unsafe for construction of engineering structures. We need to adopt some technique to avoid adverse effect of such soil. To bring about improvement in such soil ground improvement techniques are utilized in these days. In respect to retaining wall, RE wall construction is quite favorable as it is economical as well as easy to construct. In this type of construction reinforcement is done by Geosynthetics or Geotextiles. Pressure is reduced effectively by introducing these items (Saran et al. 1992). Lateral thrust on the wall is nearly eliminated because of the development of soil-reinforcement interface friction and bearing. These varieties of walls are easy to assemble and saves time. Geosynthetic Reinforced Wall is most economical among all wall categories (Koerner2000). Different sorts of reinforcements are to be had as alternative for soil reinforcement like; geosynthetics, aluminium strips, bamboo strips and other cloth for the soil improvement. Use of planar geosynthetic reinforcement is most popular way of reinforcement used. Different studies are done to understand the potential and mechanism of soil reinforcement. Researchers have considered different soil parameters and reinforcement parameters and their impact on the behaviour of reinforced soil quantity which takes a huge amount of time and resources.

</a

GRPF Strengthened Beam

Authors- M.Tech. Scholar Deepak Birla , Asst. Prof. Ashwin Hardiya

Abstract- Fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) materials are used in different configration and techniques for strengthening of Reinforced concrete (RC) elements to ensure their longer service life. Use of FRP material as externally bonded surface is one of the popular strengthening techniques that consists of bondinf FRP material using primer and saturant. An attempt has been made to investigate the structural performance of simply supported RC beams strengthened with externally bonded GFRP sheet. Flexural and shear strengthening of RC beams is conducted using GFRP sheet. Total 22 beam specimens are cast and subsequently are strengthened using GFRP sheet. 10 beams are strengthened in flexure and 12 beams are strengthened in shear.Size of beam is kept 150mm× 200mm × 2100mm. Beams are designed using IS provisions. The beams are made deficient for flexure and shear by reducing percentage of tensile reinforcement and required shear reinforcement, respectively.

Behaviour Of Rc Columnsof Different Shapes Confined With Gfrp Composite Wrap

Authors- M.Tech. Scholar Farooq Khan, Asst. Prof. Ashwin Hardiya

Abstract- In recent years, the use of externally bonded fiber-reinforced polymers (FRP) has become increasingly popular for civil infrastructure applications, including wrapping of Reinforced Concrete(RC) columns. The Glass fiber reinforced polymer has significantly enhanced the strength and ductility of concrete by forming perfect adhesive bond between concrete and the wrap as reported in literature. Most of the available studies on the behavior of FRP confined RC columns have concentrated on circular shaped columns, while relatively few studies have addressed rectangular and square columns. This is partly because the rectangular and square sections are not uniformly confined and the compressive pressure is unevenly distributed.

Review of Seismic response of building on a hilly slope

Authors- M.Tech. Scholar Rohit Karoda, Asst. Prof. Priyanka Dubey

Abstract- India consists of great arc of mountains which consists of Himalayas in its northern part which was formed by on-going tectonic collision of plates Hill buildings are different from those in plains; they are very irregular and unsymmetrical in horizontal and vertical planes, and torsion ally coupled. Hence, they are susceptible to severe damage when affected by earthquake ground motion. Such buildings have mass and stiffness varying along the vertical and horizontal planes, resulting the center of mass and center of rigidity do not coincide on various floors. The papers tries to enlighten more about such buildings.

Coconut: A Revolutionary Alternative In Construction Industry

Authors- M.Tech. Scholar Sandeep Patil, Asst. Prof. Ashwin Hardiya

Abstract- As there is an economic boom there is an increasing demand for infrastructure in order to accommodate the requirement. As this will lead to high demand for natural construction material and this will deplete them quickly. This paper has been presented in order to give the developers an insight about the usage of alternate material and how it make the whole project structurally and economically feasible. A number of literature has been reviewed and ultimately the coconut shell has been highlighted for a variety of function such as landfill, light weight concrete and structural concrete. This paper contains a thorough investigation on the application of coconut shell in structural concrete with the percentage of replacement of coconut shell partially. The experiment has been done in this project has considered 7 days and 28 compressive strength of concrete with no replacement 5%, 10%, 15%, 20% and 25%.The coconut shells are widely available natural material and can be helpful to contribute to the sustainability of the construction.

Survey on Different Concrete Aggregate Combination, Classification and Suitability Tests

Authors- M.Tech. Scholar Raj Malhotra , Prof. Prashanu Mani

Abstract- Concrete is the world second most utilized material after water and most widely used man-made material. Concrete is a matrix of cement, sand, aggregate, water and some admixture which makes it popular. Due to globalization, technical enhancement requirements of high-performance concrete are increased. Current ingredient increasing the cost of concrete, so researcher uses some alternative material like M-sand, fly ash, slag, Industrial waste and some other natural ingredient like rice husk, rice husk Ash, Bagasse etc used as a partial replacement. This paper has summarized various concrete combination the paper done by scholars of this field. Classification of aggregate was done by paper on different parameters like shape, weight, and geographical location. Concrete tests were also list in paper for finding the strength, resistance as per aggregate, admixtures, in concrete.

An assessment on an important element in Building: Shear wall vs Brace

Authors- M.Tech. Scholar Sameer Khan, Assistant Professor Priyanka Dubey

Abstract- RCC is commonly used for construction of building.Framed Structures are normally adopted however there is growing interest in continuous concrete structure incorporating shear wall which improves the seismic response of the building by providing additional stiffness to the building. In this thesis report a linear static and linear dynamic forces comparison has been provided in order to get the overview of the advantages and the utility of the RCC Structural wall structure over the traditional infill frame as the frame shows sign of failure in the zone IV, V so RCC structural wall are used instead of frames according to recommendation of IS 1893-2016. It can be observed that the displacement and drift has been reduced but the weight of the building increases eventually increasing the need of stable foundation and hence increasing the cost.It can be observed that the displacement and drift has been reduced but the weight of the building increases eventually increasing the need of stable foundation and hence increasing the cost.

Comparative Study and Design of High Performance Mixer

Authors- M.Tech. Scholar Rohit Kumar Sonkar, Assistant Prof. K.K.Sharma

Abstract- In recent time the use of RF mixer has been increased greatly. Gilbert cell is widely used as core of the mixer because it provides high conversion gain, good port-to-port isolation and low even-order distortion. It is found that the linearity of mixer is very good for Multi-Tanh technique by incorporating multiple differential trans-conductance stage but it reaches to very low conversion gain whereas, use of current bleeding technique increase linearity and conversion gain of the mixer by adding current source to increase the bias current at the expense of power consumption.Since, CMOS technology has become dominant because of its several advantages such as low cost, low static power dissipation and low area, the design of low noise amplifier using CMOS technology was top choice for design of Low Noise Amplifier.The single ended and differential LNA was designed to operate in a WCDMA reception range using a BSIM3V2 model (Level 49) CMOS UMC 0.18μm technology in Xcircuit Open source EDA tool. The key issues in the design, gain, noise and linearity were considered. The LNA’s was designed to provide high gain, matching to 50Ω RF system, good linearity.

High Performance Low Noise Amplifier for RF Application

Authors- M.Tech. Scholar Surendra Ningwal, Assistant Professor K. K. Sharma

Abstract- – Recently, In RF application the use of Low noise amplifier is highly versatile and majorly used in modern wireless communication like Wi-Max, WLAN, GSM, Bluetooth and satellite communication. Low Noise amplifier have important feature like signal amplification with rejection of noise. Low noise amplifier in modern communication used as filter with amplifier. In recent scenario low noise amplifier available in wide band, single band, multi-band frequency of application. Along with that the Low noise amplifier must be capable of reduces the reflection of signal exist by elements and connecting interface inside the amplifier. Low noise amplifier available with high gain, noise rejection and with less power consumption. In this paper review the work of past decades done in low noise amplifier. Low Noise Amplifier (LNA) is versatile used in every communication system, low noise amplifier, power amplifier and Darlington amplifier. Today technology required high speed of transmission efficiency with small power consumption and less utilization of elements in proposed amplifier, Low Noise Amplifier (LNA) products full fill all requirement of modern wireless communications, so that review and discussion, future requirement of technology is needed to discuss. In this paper discusses issues of low noise amplifier, its application, issues and recent trends. This paper reviews some techniques of Design of Low Noise Amplifier (LNA) to improve performance of communication system. This work has been carried out in Gspice open-source simulator and the layout has been designed in Magic EDA Layout designing tool.

Analysis of Boron Nitride Film for Thermally Conductive Printed Circuit Boards

Authors- Remesh Kumar K R, K. Shree Krishna Kumar

Abstract- – In this paper, a model of thermally conductive Printed Circuit Board (PCB) is discussed. This method helps to reduce the device size by avoiding heat sinks. A thermally conductive base is needed for making thermally conductive PCB. For that purpose, Boron Nitride (BN), an electrically insulating material is deposited on a copper plate using RF magnetron sputtering. Then the bandgap of BN film is determined using UV-Vis spectroscopy. Also, the resistance of the BN film is determined using source meter. From the results, it is found that the RF magnetron sputtering not affects the band gap of BN film. The BN film possesses very large resistance. Hence, the BN coated copper sheet has good thermal conductivity and electrical nonconductivity.

Free Energy Generator Neodium Magnets Repulsion

Authors- M.Tech. Student Shubham Khatri, Professor Dr. Shailesh Gupta

Abstract- – This thesis is devoted to the design and optimization of magnetic system,More than 90% world’s power is being generated using electromagnets based on the faraday’s law of electro-magnetic induction. Many new technologies were discovered with time which led a drastic change in the perception of electric energy. But at the same time there is misconception of FREE ENERGY. Energy becomes free only at a point after which we don’t have to pay for power generation after commissioning the unit. By using the magnetic force of magnets continuous motion (Energy) is generated. We used Neodymium magnets are placed on the outer drum and an inner drum by placing same poles for maximum repulsion. Rectangle shaped magnets are placed in such a way that all the north poles or north poles are facing opposite direction.

A Scalling Measures of Important SOI Proposal Strategies

Authors- M.Tech. Scholar Abhishek Soni , Mrs. Shiva Bhatnagar(HOD)

Abstract- – The driving force for the semiconductor industry growth has been the elegant scaling nature of CMOS technology. In future CMOS technology generations, supply and threshold voltages will have to continually scale to sustain performance increase, limit energy consumption, control power dissipation, and maintain reliability. These continual scaling requirements on supply and threshold voltages pose several technology and circuit design challenges. One such challenge is the expected increase in threshold voltage variation due to worsening short channel effect. This thesis will address three specific circuit design challenges arising from increased threshold voltage variation and present prospective solutions. First, with supply voltage scaling, control of die-to-die threshold voltage variation becomes critical for maintaining high yield. An analytical model will be developed for existing circuit technique that adaptively biases the body terminal of MOSFET devices to control this threshold voltage variation. Based on this model, recommendations on how to effectively use the technique in future technologies will be presented. Second, with threshold voltage scaling, sub-threshold leakage power is expected to be a significant portion of total power in future CMOS systems. Therefore, it becomes imperative to accurately predict and minimize leakage power of such systems, especially with increasing within-die threshold voltage variation.

A Review of Spectrum Detecting Methods for Cognitive Radio Environment

Authors- M.Tech. Scholar Rakesh Parmar , Mrs. Shiva Bhatnagar(HOD)

Abstract- – This paper focuses on the physical layer of cognitive radio networks (CR), that is, techniques that are used to detect the presence or absence of licensed users in different bands of the electromagnetic spectrum. The techniques presented, with their advantages and disadvantages, are organized hierarchically as: fundamental techniques (energy detection, adapted filter and cyclostationary characteristics), techniques based on fundamentals or evolution (waveform detection, identification of radio transmitter, detection of the leakage power at the receiver) and typical alternative techniques of image analysis (Hough and Wavelet transform). Additionally, the main challenges in the detection of licensed users are described along with the different dimensions in which opportunities for efficient spectral use by cognitive radio devices can be found.

A Review: Booth Multiplier

Authors- M.Tech. Scholar Vinod Kumar Balhar, Mrs. Shiva Bhatnagar(HOD)

Abstract- – The aim of this paper is giving the review of different type of implementation of multiplier has been studied. Multiplier has important role in DSP, microprocessor and microcomputer applications. In this paper booth algorithm is used to design the multiplier but it suffers many limitations such that number of partial products increases, so, area, height and latency is also increasing. In this review paper we analyzed modified Booth algorithm to design the multiplier so that the partial product is going to be decreases. Different type of algorithm is also explained which are used for addition operation of multiplier. In the latest designs of VLSI, power dissipation is a main advantageous to reduce it.

Comparative Study of Infill Frame and Structural Wall RCC Residential Building

Authors- M. Tech. Scholar Dilip Varvaniya, Assistant Professor Ashwin Hardiya(HOD)

Abstract- – RCC is commonly used for construction of building. Framed Structures are normally adopted however there is growing interest in continuous concrete structure incorporating shear wall which improves the seismic response of the building by providing additional stiffness to the building. In this thesis report a linear static and linear dynamic forces comparison has been provided in order to get the overview of the advantages and the utility of the RCC Structural wall structure over the traditional infill frame as the frame shows sign of failure in the zone IV, V so RCC structural wall are used instead of frames according to recommendation of IS 1893-2016. It can be observed that the displacement and drift has been reduced but the weight of the building increases eventually increasing the need of stable foundation and hence increasing the cost.

Implementation and Analysis of 18-Transistor True Single Phase Clocking Flip-Flop in 50-nm CMOS Technology

Authors- M.Tech. Scholar Ashutosh Kumar Shukla, Associate Prof. Dr. Anshuj Jain

Abstract- – TSPC-FF designs is lowering the clock signal loading because, one phase of the clock is used. CMOS is an innovation for developing coordinated circuits. CMOS innovation is utilized in chip, microcontrollers, static Smash, and other computerized rationale circuits. The most fundamental sequential circuit type that we will ponder is known as the Flip-Flop. True single-phase clock (TSPC) method of reasoning has found wide use in advanced plan. A transmission gate based FF (TGFF) design is used most widely, due to its fully static operation, robust voltage scaling, and none data contention. This paper is presenting 18- Transistor True Single Phase Clocking Flip-Flop in 50-nm CMOS technology.

Protected Deep Neural Network for 5G Wireless Systems</strong

Authors- M.Tech.Scholar Garima Jain, Dr. Sudhir Agrawal (Dean Academics),Prof. Ankit Shrivastava

Abstract- The current generation network is being rapidly replaced by programmable 5G network. 5G wireless network is also expected to be core network for various industrial use cases. Any kind of security breach will lead to disruption of service to the users, increase in expenditure to the service providers and many other unfavorable effects. So, to prevent the disruption of networks, we have proposed a secure deep learning-based framework that is intelligent to detect attacks and prevent propagation of attack. The framework was tested on emulated wireless network and the result showed an accuracy of 97.8% which proved the efficiency of the framework.

An Evaluation of Environmental Education at University Level </strong

Authors- Research Scholar Pragati Verma

Abstract- It has been a long time that we have recognized the challenges occurring due to the environmental degradation and exploitation of nature with the increasing population and unlimited development. The changing pattern of every days life style and increasing desire for modern technologies have imposed greater threat on environmental resources, due to the fact, the atmosphere is being polluted at alarming rate day by day. To avoid such threats, there is an ultimate need to focus on some alternative sustainable technologies for the safety of our mother earth. The concept environmental education is now globally promoted as a sustainable development initiative and also become the part of curriculum documents and national educational policies. The aim of the study is to evaluate the overall behavior of university students of various faculties towards the environment on the basis of three components – their awareness, knowledge and attitude (AKA) in Prayagraj city. The survey was conducted on 40 respondents – 10 respondents from each faculties of University of Allahabad. A likert scale based questionnaire is used as an instrument to investigate the level of awareness, knowledge and attitude. The study concluded that the overall result is satisfactory. The university students are aware and have enough knowledge to possess a positive attitude towards environment. At last, the study suggests to necessarily keep the environmental education (EE) subject in the curriculum so that the people must have a proper understanding of our environment.

A Review on Analysis and Design of Integral Bridges for Different Type of Span using Finite Element Method </strong

Authors- M.Tech.Scholar Aditya Joshi, Prof. Rakesh Patel

Abstract- Integral abutment bridges (IABs) are jointless bridges where the deck is continuous and connected monolithically with the abutment wall with a moment-resisting connection (Fig. 1). A line of vertical piles beneath the abutment wall is often used to carry the vertical bridge loads. The IAB concept has become increasingly popular in recent years due to reduced maintenance costs associated with the expansion joints and abutment bearings, reduced corrosion and material degradation at the joints, and better overall structural performance, particularly under seismic loading. The biggest uncertainty in the analysis and design of an integral abutment bridge is the reaction of the soil behind the abutment walls and next to the foundation piles. The magnitude of these soil forces can become substantial during thermal expansion of the bridge system, and can greatly affect the overall structural design of the bridge-wall-pile system. This lateral soil reaction is inherently nonlinear and depends on the magnitude and nature of the wall displacement, which can both translate and rotate. This is a soil-structure interaction problem, where the magnitudes.

Analysis and Design of Integral Bridges for Different Type of Span using Finite Element Method</strong

Authors- M.Tech.Scholar Aditya Joshi, Prof. Rakesh Patel

Abstract- Integral Abutment Bridges can be described as bridges generally built their superstructures integral with the abutments, without expansion or contraction joints for the entire length of the superstructure. The structural system offered by bridges made integral between superstructure and abutments can provide structural efficiencies as well as enables the elimination of bearings and expansion joints. In some circumstances the durability of the bridge is improved and maintenance costs reduced. These bridges are single span or multiplane bridges. The abutments, being cast integral with the superstructure so as to avoid the expansion joints and movement bearings that otherwise require regular maintenance. The piers for Integral Abutment Bridges may be constructed either integrally with or independently. The benefits of Integral Bridges are principally the elimination of expansion joints and bearings, leading to simpler structures that are easier and less expensive to maintain.

Simulation and optimization of parameter Used in CFBC boiler</strong

Authors- M.Tech. Scholar Ranveer Vikram Pratap Singh, Prof. Rohit Kumar Choudhary

Abstract- Circulating Fluidized Bed Combustion (CFBC) technology has gained worldwide significant attention. With its well-known benefits of fuel flexibility, high combustion efficiency and low emissions, as well as easier temperature control, CFB combustion technology becomes one of the most important developing directions for coal-fired boilers. In this study, the flow of flue gas inside the loop of CFBC boiler is simulated by using CFD software and the parameter are optimized for maximum efficiency.The objective of the present work is to develop an optimum model with reduced pressure drop and denudation rate with minimum change in collection efficiency. Optimum collection efficiency can be achieved by modifying standard design parameters of cyclone such as cyclone height, vortex length, inlet width, inlet height, vortex finder length and diameter etc. design parameters. Five existing cyclone designs are chosen and an appropriate pressure drop model is used to find the pressure drop. It is found that The pressure drop is reduced if the vortex finder diameter is increased. And With the increase in inlet width also, the pressure drop is reduced.

Design of Minimum length nozzle by Method of Characteristics</strong

Authors- Anuj Kumar, Sudhanshu G. Ogalapur

Abstract- In this research paper we will design a minimum length nozzle using method of characteristic. Method of Characteristic is a well-known method for designing Nozzle.Here, we will utilize method of characteristics (MOC) to develop a nozzle contour, by reducing length of expansion region of a nozzle. This method works with mathematical concept of Prandtl Meyer expansion fans to shrink expansion zone to a single point. The obtained nozzle would be known as a minimum length nozzle .In a minimum length nozzle, flow expansion will take place while passing through a Prandtl Meyer expansion fan originating from a sharp corner. Minimum length nozzle would be lighter and more efficient for operations. We will write a Matlab function to carryout calculations which cannot be done by hand. This matlab function will plot all the characteristic and contour wall points, the produced wall points would be written to a .dat file, which then can be used to create nozzle geometry in solid works or Ansys Space Claim. We will use Ansys Fluent (which a very successful commercial CFD package) to verify our results, by running a CFD simulation on nozzle. We will check whether the designed nozzle is working properly or not. We will also elucidate algorithm for the Matlab function in more simple words. This is going to be an iterative process so that we can have a better results. The obtained results might be inconsistent on a given inputs, so it is necessary verify the proper working of nozzle through a CFD study.

Army Personal Transportation Locomotive Design Against the Blast Load</strong

Authors- Asst. Prof. Parag Vikas Nikam, Student Gidion D’souza, Lecturer & Student Anagha Agate Singh, Prof. Dr. V. Sivabharathi

Abstract- over the years, terrorists have claimed thousands of innocent lives in the pursuit of dark objectives. Considering the nation, India has been attacked by terrorist groups multiple times. The regions with long term terrorist activities, have been Jammu and Kashmir, east-central and south-central India and the Seven Sister States. The army in uniform or in frowzy uniforms defends the nation from external aggression and internal threats thus maintaining peace and security within its borders. But unfortunately, the soldiers are too in threats. They are trained to protect the nation but their safety is mostly neglected. If we want our nation to be protected, we need to save lives of these soldiers too. In recent times there have been attacks on unarmed soldiers during transportation. Considering all the previous attacks, one such attack which caught our attention was the Pulwama attack in which high grade explosives were used. Hence we come across an idea of creating a concept of locomotive vehicle on which pressure vessel would be mounted which would be cable of withstanding pressure and high temperature generated after a bomb attack. If we are successful in our project, we can save lives of our soldiers while transporting them to desired locations. It is our small contribution to our army soldiers who protect our borders and civilians putting their life into danger.

A Survey of Secure and Efficient Search of Data on Cloud Environment</strong

Authors- Asst. Prof. R. Padmavathi

Abstract- Cloud Computing is a service rather than product and it intends to make the internet the ultimate home of all computing resources. Cloud Computing uses data service outsourcing. Every individual organization wants to store data that has the limited storage capacity cloud computing outsource data to some Cloud Service Provider. For large data searching various techniques are keyword searchable encryption technique allow user to search data through keywords. In searchable encryption having problem searching go through every retrieving file and unnecessary network traffic. Paper defines and solves the problem of secure ranked keyword search over encrypted data on cloud. Paper proposes a Ranked keyword search system enhances system handling by search result and file retrieval correctness. In ranked keyword search system having data owner, data user and cloud server to effective data searching capabilities.

A Review on VLSI Architecture of Montgomery Modular Multiplier</strong

Authors- M.Tech. Scholar Shunhangini Singh, Asst. Prof. Priyanka Jain, HOD. Dr. Anshuj Jain

Abstract- Multiplication is a key operation to perform the processing speed of digital processor. Montgomery multiplication is a strategy for performing quick modular multiplication. This paper presents an outline on execution of Montgomery measured duplication estimation utilizing VLSI design. The Montgomery figuring is a fast particular increase procedure as regularly as conceivable used in cryptographic applications, in which the capability of cryptosystem depends upon the speed of secluded duplication. This audit gives the assessment between different adjustments done in Montgomery particular augmentation.