VOLUME 9 Issue 5

22 Sep

Performance Analysis Of Fuzzy Logic Based Low Speeds Inverter-Fed Im Drives

Authors – M.Tech. Scholar Yatin Kumar, Asst. Prof. Dr. Shweta Chourasia, Asst. Prof. Dr. E.Vijay Kumar

Abstract- – The proposed implementation configuration is utilizing fuzzy-logic regulator (FLC) for roundabout field arranged control (IFOC) of induction motor (IM) drives fed by a four-switch three-phase (FSTP) inverter. In the proposed approach, the IM drive framework is fed by FSTP inverter rather than the conventional six-switch three-phase (SSTP) inverter for a savvy low power applications. The proposed FLC
improves dynamic reactions and, it is additionally planned with decreased calculation trouble. The total IFOC conspire joining the FLC for IM drives fed by the proposed FSTP inverter is implicit Matlab/Simulink. Three- phase inverters are viewed as a fundamental part in the variable speed AC motor drives. A FSTP inverter has been introduced for environmentally friendly power source combination to a summed up unequal network associated framework. The fundamental goal is to plan a four-switch three-phase inverter-fed IM drives at low speeds utilizing fuzzy logic and PI controllers with improved execution. This paper presents a plan of Four- Switch Three-Phase Inverter-Fed IM Drives at Low Speeds Utilizing Fuzzy Logic and PI Controllers. Simulation is finished utilizing MATLAB simulink programming. The simulated outcomes give critical improvement in present model execution than existing model execution.

Experimental Investigation on Concrete by Using Partial Replacement of Marble Powder with Fine Aggregate and Silica Fume with Cement

Authors -Asst. Prof. A. Kavya, J. Sree Naga Chaitanya, Mahesh, Prof. Dr. K. Chandramouli, Dr. N. Pannirselvam

Abstract- – This study is about use marble powder as a waste material for partial replacement of sand And silica Fume as partial replacement of cement in concrete for modifying its properties. In the concrete mixes sand was replaced with marble powder at 5%, 10%, 15%, 20%, 25% and cement with silica fume at 5%, 7.5%, 12.5%, by weight and effects of replacement on concrete are observed. Use of marble powder in concrete permits disposal of waste (marble powder) and make concrete light in weight. Marble powder will helps to improve the strength of Concrete; Tests are conducted to determine the compressive and tensile strength tests of concrete at 7 and 28 days. The maximum strength is obtained for 15% replacement of marble powder with sand and 7.5% of silica fume with cement.

A Review on Kinetic Architecture Concepts
History and Applications

Authors – M. Govindu, Prof. J. Sree Naga Chaitanya, Asst. Prof. Dr. K. Chandra Mouli, Asst. Prof. M. Chaitanya Nava Kumar

Abstract- – Over history, architect tried to convert buildings from static object to a dynamic system to attain the changing needs of a residents. From this concept, they tried to create spaces, building components and buildings that have the ability take an action from people or the surrounding environment, such as the movement sound, light, wind, heat or humidity. This paper issues an overview of kinetic architecture and related concepts and definitions. Then it outlines the history of kinetic architecture. Finally, it presents the kinetic concept applications in architectures.

Literature Survey on Bi-Directional Single
Power Converter

Authors – M.Tech. Scholar Pankaj Madheshiya, Asst. Prof. Dr. Shweta Chourasia, Asst. Prof. Dr. E.Vijay Kumar

Abstract- – A power inverter, or inverter, is a power electronic gadget or hardware that changes direct current (DC) to rotating current (AC). The voltage, yield voltage and recurrence, and generally control dealing with rely upon the structure of the particular gadget or hardware. The inverter doesn’t create any power; the power is given by the DC source. A power inverter can be completely electronic or might be a blend of mechanical impacts, (for example, a revolving contraption) and electronic hardware. Static inverters don’t utilize moving parts in the change procedure. Power inverters are fundamentally utilized in electrical power applications where high flows and voltages are available; circuits that play out a similar capacity for electronic sign, which as a rule have low flows and voltages, are called oscillators. Circuits that play out the contrary capacity, changing over AC to DC, are called rectifiers. This paper presents literature review on power conversion converter area.

A Review on Dholera Smart City

Authors – M. Prasanth Raju, Prof. Dr. K. Chandra Mouli, Asst. Prof. Sree Naga Chaitanya, Asst. Prof. CH. Vijay

Abstract- – Dholera smart city is the most promising and fastest developing city of India. Salient Features include: Dream Project of Mr. Narendra Modi envisaged when he was the Chief Minister of Gujarat. Identified as the first Smart City of India. To be developed 2 times the size of Delhi and Six times that of Shanghai. Smart city optimises the use of technology in the design and operation of infrastructure and buildings in a way which meets the current and future needs of their citizens. To be truly ‘smart’ they also require consideration of governance and growth, urban development and infrastructure, the environment and natural resources, society and community.

Structural Analysis of a Multi-Storied Building for different Plan Configurations

Authors – Kaustubh Gupta, Vijay Kumar Shukla, Dr. R. N. Khare

Abstract- – The ETABS stands for Extended Three-dimensional Analysis of Building Systems. ETABS is commonly used to analyze: Skyscrapers, parking garages, steel & concrete structures, low- and high-rise buildings, and portal frame structures. The case study in this paper mainly emphasizes on structural behavior of multi-storey building for different plan configurations like rectangular, C, L and I-shape. Modelling of 15- storeys R.C.C. framed building is done on the ETABS software for analysis. Post analysis of the structure, maximum shear forces, bending moments, and maximum storey displacement are computed and then compared for all the analyzed cases.Multi story building ranges from 23 m to 150 m height (high rise buildings) and Building above 150 m height (skyscrapers). High-rise steel structure can be made for any height as per project requirement and governing laws. Multi storey Steel Framing System offered as a bolted structure made off site (from the factory) using beam joist cold form deck slab and steel columns or composite columns. All steel construction uses pre-fabricated components that are rapidly installed on site. Short construction periods lead to savings in site preliminaries, earlier return on investment and reduced interest charges.

Fatigue Life of a Non-Cantilever Highway Truss with Tubular Joints

Authors – Akriti Gupta, Vijay Kumar Shukla, Dr. R. N. Khare

Abstract- – The maintenance and safety of existing bridges is an important concern of all highway agencies. To assure adequate safety and to assist in assessing maintenance needs, highway bridges are periodically inspected, usually at 2-year intervals. In conjunction with such inspections, a safety rating is established by procedures given in the Manual for Maintenance Inspection of Bridges. The Manual presents detailed procedures for rating the strength capacity of steel bridges but does not give detailed procedures for assessing the safety with respect to fatigue. Instead, it suggests that the Standard Specifications for Highway Bridges hereinafter referred to as the Specifications be used as a guide in assessing fatigue strength. The fatigue provisions in the Specifications were originally adopted before adequate information was available on the fatigue conditions in actual bridges. Therefore, these provisions do not reflect the fatigue conditions that actually occur. Instead, they combine an artificially high stress range with an artificially low number of stress cycles to produce a reasonable design. Furthermore, the fatigue provisions in the Specifications are presented in terms of allowable stresses and do not indicate how to calculate the remaining life of an existing bridge, which is needed to make cost-effective decisions regarding inspection, repair, rehabilitation, replacement. Neither the Manual nor the Specifications considers secondary bending effects or cracked or repaired members. The objective of the present study is to develop practical fatigue evaluation procedures that: Realistically reflect the actual fatigue conditions in highway bridges. Give an accurate estimate of the remaining fatigue life of a bridge and permit this estimate to be updated in the future to reflect changes in traffic conditions. The report also provides information and references on several factors that are not considered directly in the proposed evaluation and design procedures: (a) secondary bending, (b) cracked members, and (c) corrosion and mechanical damage.

Modelling Risk factors of Alcoholism Using Structural Equation Model

Authors – Phd Scholar George M. Muriuki, Dr. Mathew K. Kosgei, Prof. John M. Mutiso

Abstract- -Alcohol has become alarmingly the most routinely used and misused substance among both adults and minors in the contemporary society and its socio-economic impact is devastating. The risk factors strongly linked to alcoholism and many other problems related to alcohol use and misuse have been studied disjointedly. Different structural models illustrating relationship between alcoholism and associated risk factors have been proposed. The objective was to test if the structure of a proposed theoretical hierarchical model comprised of specific observed variables clustered to measure nine latent variables. Structural equation modelling (SEM) was used to test the direct effect of the latent variables of personality, gender, age at onset of alcohol taking, peer influence, drinking habits and patterns, family attention, economic status, environment and social-cultural on alcoholism. Subjects who comprised of inmates at the rehabilitation centers and current alcohol users were evaluated and completed a battery of psychosocial-related questionnaires. The initially proposed model structure was modified due to misspecifications. The modified model exhibited adequate global fit indexes (RMSEA = .06 (.056, .091), CFI =.803, SRMR=.06, χ2 (df) =1733(464) and acceptable measures of reliability. The nine factor (Gender, age at onset, drinking habits and patterns, family and family attention, economic status, personality, peer pressure, socio-cultural, and environment) alcoholism model fitted well. The findings suggest those parents’ education and living conditions, drinker’s education level, race, quantity drunk type of alcohol drunk and stress at work were significant predictors of alcoholism. Knowledge of the linkage between factors is useful in designing alcohol abuse preventive programs.

Strength Studies on Concrete with Gold Mine Waste and Silica Fume

Authors – Asst. Prof. P. A Naga Sai, Asst. Prof. J. Sree Naga Chaitanya, Prof. Dr. K. Chandramouli, G. Suresh Reddy

Abstract- – Gold mines Crushed Black stones are one of the primary waste products of mining operations Among the 960 million tons of solid waste generated annually in India. The gold mining industry at Hutti village in Raichur district of Karnataka is producing abundant quantity 1 gram of gold; 1 ton of waste material is generated release of fine particles into the atmosphere due to wind erosion. In this investigation an attempt is made to utilize Gold mines Crushed Black stone as a substitute for coarse aggregates in producing concrete. One of the most widely used supplementary cementitious materials (SCMs) in the production of high-performance concrete (HPC) is silica fume which is also known as micro silica. As an admixture in HPC, it makes concrete stronger and more durable. Optimum values of 40% gold mine waste for 7 days compressive strength is 35.10 N/mm2, for 28 days compressive strength is 51.63 N/mm2, and split tensile strength for 7days is 3.61N/mm2, split tensile strength for 28 days is 5.32N/mm2 Optimum values of 7.5% silica fume for 7days is 37.04N/mm2, for 28 days is 51.95N/mm2.

Comparitive Design and Analysis Of Ladder Chassis

Authors – M.Tech. Scholar Shubham Agrawal, Prof. Arun Patel

Abstract- – with the growing computing technology and fastest speed of computers trends are to reduce product development time, computer aided engineering (CAE) holds a major position in the product development cycle in the automotive industry. In order to reduce the cost of prototype, design engineers are more focused on simulations to come up with optimized design. Chassis is of the load bearing primary member of an automobile, its designing and optimization is important to ensure the automobile durability. Researchers are continuously doing their effort on the analysis of chassis subjected to various kinds of load.Accordingly, in this study design analysis and shape optimization of ladder chassis frame is analyzed. Static analysis will be performed on ladder chassis frame to find out the stress, strain and displacement in a ladder chassis due to acting loads. SolidWorks software will be used for the modelling of ladder chassis frame and ANSYS will be used for the static analysis of ladder chassis fame. Coming to shape optimization, the cross-section of cross-members will be changed accordingly C, T & I and tested for the same.

Analysis and Design of Multi-Storey
Building by Using STAAD Pro

Authors – Anjana Gupta, Vijay Kumar Shukla, Dr. R. N. Khare

Abstract- – The primary goal of a structural engineer is to build structures for safe computing technology; but, structural engineers can take on far larger and more sophisticated structures that are subjected to a variety of loading conditions. Previously, the loads operating on the structure were thought to be static, although no structure load is static, with the exception of self-weight (dead load).In the subject of civil engineering, a wide variety of application software is now available. All of these programmes are built on a foundation of superior technology. Finite element analysis that takes into account the effects of dynamic loads such as wind, earthquakes, and other natural disasters. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the efficacy of several civil engineering application software. An ongoing project has been chosen for this purpose.

Earthquake Analysis of Multi Storied Residential Building

Authors – Madhu Kumari, Vijay Kumar Shukla, Dr. R. N. Khare

Abstract- – Earthquake occurred in multistoried building shows that if the structures are not well designed and constructed with and adequate strength it leads to the complete collapse of the structures. To ensure safety against seismic forces of multi-storied building hence, there is need to study of seismic analysis to design earthquake resistance structures. In seismic analysis the response reduction was considered for two cases both Ordinary moment resisting frame and Special moment resisting frame. The main objective this paper is to study the seismic analysis of structure for static and dynamic analysis in ordinary moment resisting frame and special moment resisting frame. Equivalent static analysis and response spectrum analysis are the methods used in structural seismic analysis. Construction of building requires proper planning and management. Building are subjected to various loads such as dead load, live load ,wind load and seismic load .seismic load has extreme adverse effect on building so it is necessary to perform seismic aThis paper describe about the response of building when it is subjected to seismic load , this response can be shown by story drift and base shear .seismic analysis has been performed on (G+8) building which is located in zone 2 & 4 using STAAD Pro software . Analysis has been performed according to IS 1893 PART 1 (2002).

Study on Burj Khalifa

Authors – B.Tech. Scholar M.Sujith Reddy, Asst. Prof. J. Sree Naga Chaitanya, Prof. Dr. K. Chandra Mouli, Asst. Prof. M. Chaitanya Nava Kumar

Abstract- – The Burj Khalifa is known to be the tallest skyscraper ever built by man and one of the most popular tourist destinations in the world. At over 828 meters (2716.5 feet) and more than 160 stories, Burj Khalifa is a multi-use development tower that includes a hotel, observation deck, restaurant, fitness and recreation club, and 37 floors of corporate offices. The project to build the Burj Khalifa tower is one of the most successful projects in the Middle East and in the world to date. It was planned by the Dubai government with the purpose of making the city a hub for finance, trade, and tourism.

Cfd Analysis and Thermal Performance Optimization Of Double Pipe Heat Exchanger

Authors – M.Tech. Scholar Rahul Sahu, Assistant Professor N.V. Saxena

Abstract- – In the present study, a numerical model using CFD was adopted to study the thermo hydraulic performance of different configurations of gas-to-liquid double-pipe heat exchangers with helical fins. Configurations with helical fins and longitudinal fins were numerically simulated and compared in terms of the heat transfer, pressure drop, unit weight, and comprehensive performance. The influences of the number fin increasing and Reynolds number on the thermo hydraulic performance were also examined.

Performance analysis of RCC building with or without floating column

Authors – M.Tech.Scholar Aariz Nizami, Prof.Rachna Bajaj, Prof.Kapil Soni

Abstract- – In present time the shortage of space is a growing issue in urban cities due to increase in population. For this there is a need of having column free space, and also for aesthetic and other functional requirements. This new concept leads to pause of columns that are floating columns. Buildings with floating columns are of typical feature in the modern multi storey construction practices in whole world and also in our urban India. When irregular features such as floating columns are included in buildings, a considerably higher level of engineering effort is required in the structural design and yet the building may not be as good as one with simple architectural features. The model is a G+4-story RCC structure with four strips 3.2m wide in each direction. The story height is 3.2 for each floor and basement height. The RCC framework is made up of a 0.23m x 0.4m beam and a 0.4m x 0.237m column. The slab has a density of 120mm. The models of levelled and sloping ground are both examined.

Performance Analysis of PV-Wind Based Hybrid Renewable Energy System

Authors – M.Tech. Scholar Anshu Bala, Prof. Vinay Pathak

Abstract- – There is a growing need for the combination of renewable energy and electricity systems. Solar PV and wind generation has an important role for battery charging, grid-tied applications in the past decade, due to many restrictions on natural sources of energy input in pollution and environmental damage, there is a need to use renewable energy sources. In India, petroleum is the primary and natural supplier of electric power. But the traditional energy crisis has forced the world to prepare for the solar and wind systems. This work involves the use of photovoltaic systems and wind power generation systems to design and extract the maximum power of DC networks under variable operating voltages. In order to increase the output power of the photovoltaic system and wind generation system, the maximum possible energy collected from the photovoltaic system must be found. In this work, the maximum power point tracking (MPPT) algorithm applied to hybrid energy system. To obtained maximum power perturb and observation and incremental conductance algorithm applied to the hybrid system. The performance of P & O MPPT and incremental conductance compared and analyze the results on MATLAB / SIMULINK platform.

A Review of Thermal Analysis of Fins by Using FEM Method

Authors – M.Tech.Scholar Umesh Badode, Asst.Prof. Deepak Solanki

Abstract- – One of the major motor components that is exposed to high temperatures and thermal pressure is the cylinders. To enhance convective thermal rejection, fins are placed on the cylinder’s surface. The assessments on heat discharge augmentation and corresponding pressure reductions across a level surface were reported in the research. The pin fines of various shapes (circular, rectangular) were fitted with tube-shaped cross sections to maximize the improvement in heat transmission rates. The different thermal efficiencies are used to represent thermal power. By changing ambient temperature with regard to the efficiency of the heat transmission of the fine arrays and the optimum fine segregate value, the results of geometric boundaries, fin length, fin zone, and base temperature material were changed. With the heat conductivity of the material and the pin fine size, the impact of finish density on heat transfer behavior is also studied.

A Experimental Investigation of Reinforced Concrete Beam with Openings Strengthened Using FRP Sheets

Authors -K. Preethi, Asst. Prof. B. Vijay Shankar

Abstract- – Built up substantial profound pillars are generally utilized as move braces in seaward designs and establishments, dividers of fortifications and burden bearing dividers in structures. The presence of web openings in such pillars is much of the time needed to give availability like entryways and windows or to oblige fundamental administrations, for example, ventilating and cooling channels. Broadening of such openings due to engineering/mechanical necessities and additionally an adjustment of the structure’s capacity would lessen the component’s shear limit, accordingly delivering an extreme wellbeing peril. Restricted investigations have been accounted for in the writing on the conduct and strength of RC profound shafts with openings. At the point when such amplification is unavoidable sufficient measures ought to be taken to fortify the radiate and neutralize the strength decrease. The present exploratory examination manages the investigation of profound bars containing openings and the approval of results with FEM model utilizing ANSYS. A sum of 5 profound shafts with openings is casted without shear fortifications and is tried under three-point stacking. Test example has a cross part of 150×460 mm and a complete length of 1200 mm. Two round openings, one in each shear length, are set evenly about the mid-point of the bar. The primary reaction of RC profound shafts with openings was basically subject to the level of the interference of the regular burden way. Remotely fortified GFRP shear fortifying around the openings was observed to be extremely successful in updating the shear strength of RC profound shafts. The strength acquire brought about by the GFRP sheets was in the scope of 68–125%. Limited component demonstrating of RC profound shafts containing openings fortified with GFRP sheets is concentrated on utilizing ANSYS and the outcomes are contrasted and trial discoveries.

Performance of Self Compacting Concrete at Elevated Temperatures

Authors -D. Leela Durga, Asst. Prof. T. Kavitha

Abstract- – Concrete is constantly anticipated that would be more grounded and more sturdy than before, while being cost and vitality productive. Also, the three noteworthy focal points that solid has over other development materials must be saved: the likelihood of being created for all intents and purposes anyplace; the capacity to take the frame forced by the state of a shape; and minimal effort of the segments and the produce. These elements have driven the advances in enhancing the execution of cement over years, and keep on doing as such. The requirement for enhancing the execution of cement and worry for the natural effect emerging from the consistently expanding interest for cement, has prompted the developing utilization of elective materials segment. It is currently certain that materials, for example, silica smolder, rice quiet cinder, fly fiery debris, ground granulated impact heater slag and met kaolin be created from rich normal material which are squander material must be utilized to incompletely substitute bond or to supplement it when superior is required. The High Strength Self Compacting Concrete comprises of higher level of fines when contrasted with the ordinary cement. So it has higher danger of spelling when presented to lifted temperatures due its minimized small scale structure. In this investigation the impact of raised temperature extending from room temperature to 600oC for various terms on the compressive quality and weight reduction of high quality self-compacting cement of review M70 with Fly powder and Micro Silica as mineral admixtures. The blend extents are acquired based on NAN-SU blend plan. This structure depends on pressing variable (PF) of total and W/C proportion and FA/CA utilized are 0.25 and 52/48 for various Packing Factors. The water bond proportion is considered from writing audit. Pressing component of total is characterized as the proportion of mass of total of firmly stuffed state in SCC to that of approximately pressed state. Extents of Coarse total, Fine total, Fly Ash, Super plasticizer and water cover proportions are unique and extents of Cement, Micro Silica and VMA are steady for various Packing Factors. The rates of Micro Silica and VMA included are 7% and 0.3% for all blends. It is seen that the rate of lessening in compressive quality of High Strength Self Compacting Concrete (HSSCC) is progressively when contrasted with High Strength Vibrated Concrete(HSVC) of same review at higher temperatures, and additionally rate in loss of weight in HSSCC is increasingly when contrasted with HSVC of same review at high temperatures. (i.e.at 600 0C). It is distinguished that, when the temperature is under 2000C the remaining compressive quality and misfortune in weight of HSSCC is less contrasted with HSVC. At the point when the temperature is above 4000C the remaining compressive quality and misfortune in weight of HSVC is less contrasted with HSSCC.

A Review on Mechanical Properties and Crack Conduct of Cleaved Fiber Supported Self-Compacting Concrete

Authors -B. Charan, Asst. Prof. A. Raheem Basha

Abstract- – The development of Self Compacting Concrete is progressive milestone throughout the entire existence of development industry bringing about transcendent use of SCC overall these days. It enjoys numerous upper hands over ordinary cement as far as improvement in efficiency, decrease in labor and generally speaking expense, superb completed item with magnificent mechanical reaction and sturdiness. Fuse of filaments further improves its properties exceptionally identified with post-break conduct of SCC. Henceforth the point of the current work is to make a near investigation of mechanical properties of self-combining concrete, built up with various kinds of strands. The factors include in the review are type and distinctive level of strands. The fundamental properties of new SCC and mechanical properties, sturdiness, break energy and sorptivity were examined. Microstructure investigation of different blends is done through checking electron magnifying instrument to concentrate on the hydrated construction and security improvement among fiber and blend. The strands utilized in the review are 12 mm since a long time ago cleaved glass fiber, carbon fiber and basalt fiber. The volume part of fiber taken are 0.0%,0.1%,0.15%,0.2%,0.25% ,0.3%. The task contained two phases. The first stage comprised of advancement of SCC blend plan of M30 grade and in the subsequent stage, various strands like Glass, basalt and carbon Fibers are added to the SCC blends and their new and solidified not really settled and looked at. The review showed exceptional enhancements in all properties of self-compacting concrete by adding filaments of various sorts and volume divisions. Carbon FRSCC showed best execution followed by basalt FRSCC and glass FRSCC in solidified state though least fortunate in new state attributable to its high water assimilation. Glass FRSCC displayed best execution in new state.

Performance Improvement of Grid Connected Hybrid Renewable Energy System Using Dynamic Voltage Restorer

Authors- M. Tech Scholar Gyanoday Kumar, Prof. Vinay Pathak

Abstract- – Islanding is a condition in which the micro grids are disconnected from the main grid which consists of loads and distribution generation. Islanding is required whenever there is a fault and whenever the maintenance is required. Under normal condition or stable condition, the system works under constant current control mode. After islanding the system switched to voltage controlled mode. There are different methods that can be used to detect islanding situation such as active and passive methods. In this thesis SVM detection technique used for detecting islanding condition is carried out. This thesis presents a configuration and a control strategy for dynamic voltage restorer (DVR). In order to compensate the voltage of each phase separately, a closed-loop PI control law in the d-q reference frame is proposed. The proposed method provides a fast response and effective sag compensation capabilities. In addition, in order to detect voltage sag, a Space Vector Modulation (SVM) is employed to estimate three-phase voltages. By using SVM, the voltage sag can be detected faster than other conventional methods. Therefore DVR can compensate voltage sag quickly and accurately. The obtained results that are simulated in Matlab/Simulink indicate that the proposed method can mitigate the balanced and unbalanced voltage sag types efficiently in the distribution networks.

A Review of Photovoltaic Technologies in Solar Water Plant

Authors -Suvek Kumar, Prof. Vinay Pathak

Abstract- – Utilization of solar photovoltaic powered (PV) as a power source in water pumping systems has emerged as one of the valuable solar applications. Solar PV water pumping system (SPVWPS) is used to fulfill the demand of water in the field of irrigation and domestic use. This technology is recognized as a sustainable and environmentally friendly solution to provide water for domestic use and irrigation purpose. The tendency to use renewable energy resources has grown continuously over the past few decades, due to fear over warnings of global warming or because of the depletion and short life of fossil fuels or even as a result of the interest which has developed among researchers doing scientific research into it. This work can be considered as joining any of these groups with an objective of supplying drinking water and irrigation purposes to the society living in rural areas of the country as reported in the literature to serve as a quick reference to researchers and engineers who are interested in the subject. For further research perspective in the field of SPVWPS a few suggestions are recommended.

Mammogram Breast Cancer Image Detection Using HARR like Algorithm

Authors – Zeyad O. Moussa

Abstract- – Breast cancer has become one of the most frequent cancers among women in developing countries, as well as a leading cause of mortality. Breast cancer treatment is only effective if it is found early on. The most successful way for early detection is X-ray mammography, although mammography images are complex. As a result, image processing and image analysis techniques are increasingly used to help radiologist locate cancers in mammography images. We define and determine the key and significant Breast Cancer Image Detection in this article. Following that, we perform an inspection. Breast cancer mammography images with these key qualities. The goal of this study, on the other hand, is to identify the features extraction ranges values for a mammography image of a breast cancer patient.

A Review on Power System Transient Stability Assessment Using A Feed-Forward Artificial Neural Network with Increased Feature Selection

Authors – M. Tech. Scholar Arvind Kumar, Asst. Prof. Harish Kumar

Abstract- – This paper outlines a method for predicting the stability of a power system using an artificial neural
network. For on-line transient stability assessment of the power system, this efficient and robust method
combines the benefits of time–domain integration techniques and artificial neural networks. The extended equal
area criterion approach was utilized to calculate the transient stability index, which was then employed as a
neural network output. To choose the input variables that are most suitable for training, two feature selection
strategies were applied.

Planning, Analysis and Designing of Bank Building

Authors -Asst. Prof. T. Bragadeeswaran, S.B. Dhanasekaran, V.Karthi, Md. Mansoor Ali, K. Sasi Kumar

Abstract- – In this project planning, analysis and structural design has been done for a commercial building of bank building based on all Indian Standard Codes of practice. Detailing drawings pertaining to the structural design of Bank Building are presented. Analysis of the structure was done using STAAD-ProV8i. All the structural members like slabs, beams, columns and footings are designed using Indian Standard Code IS 456-2000, IS-875 and design aid SP-16. The structural components are designed by limit state method. Materials were used as specified by National Building Code. Concrete M20 grade and Fe415 steel bars were considered for all the design. Brick walls are worked in C.M 1:5 mix 230 mm thick. The Bank is built with almost all the amenities required for the people to get entertained in their busy schedule. This structure is going to be designed with the view that all the entertainment facilities should be made available less than one roof, with experiencing the Luxurious facilities. The overall plot area of the Banks 1000sq.ft. And the built area is around 1,500sq.ft.

A Review on Modelling of Solar and Grid Connected System Based on Bidirectional DC to DC Converter

Authors- M.Tech Scholar Vikas Kumar, Prof. Vinay Pathak

Abstract- – There is a growing interest in bidirectional dc-dc converters for interface battery with energy source and load. This paper provides a comprehensive review of non-isolated bidirectional dc-dc converter topologies. The classification and description of each type presented is based on the features and applications. This review paper is intended as a convenient reference to future non-isolated converter users. The most promising converters in terms of their simplicity, flexibility, and high efficiency are singled out.

A Review on Hybrid Renewable Energy Based Electrical Charging Station

Authors- M.Tech Scholar Pooja Tiwari, Prof. Vinay Pathak

Abstract- – This paper conducts a literature review on hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) technology, engine technology, HEV simulation software, and engine simulation software. HEVs are built with an on-board energy storage system and a smaller engine than conventional vehicles, resulting in better fuel economy and lower emissions. The incorporation of diesel engine technology into a HEV configuration shows promise as a means of meeting fuel economy and emissions targets. T This paper conducts a literature review on hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) technology, engine technology, HEV simulation software, and engine simulation software. HEVs are built with an on-board energy storage system and a smaller engine than conventional vehicles, resulting in better fuel economy and lower emissions. The incorporation of diesel engine technology into a HEV configuration shows promise as a means of meeting fuel economy and emissions targets.

Experimental Study of the Stability of Power Systems and the Determination of Transient Operating Limits

Authors- M. Tech. Scholar Arvind Kumar, Asst. Prof. Harish Kumar, Prof. (Dr)Chandra Prakash

Abstract- – Power-system stability is a word used to describe the state of alternating-current electric power systems in which the system’s many synchronous machines are in synchronism, or “in step,” with one another. Instability, on the other hand, refers to a state in which there is a lack of synchronism, or going “out of step.” Transients are caused when a failure occurs in a power system. A load flow analysis is carried out to stabilize the system. The issue usually happens on the load side in practice. We are controlling the generator side because we are controlling the load side, which will result in a difficult problem if we do not.

A Review on Heuristic Methods in Manufacturing Industry

Authors -M.Tech Scholar Shashank Mishra, Prof. Hari Mohan Soni

Abstract- – The Assembly Line Balance (ALB) is known as the classic problem of AL balancing, consisting in the allocation of tasks on a workstation in a way that downtime is minimized, and the precedence constraints are met. The ALB allows achieve the best use of available resources so that satisfactory production rates are reached at a minimum cost. The balancing is necessary when there are process changes, such as adding or deleting tasks, change of components, changes in processing time and also in the implementation of new processes.

Study on Impact of Different Types of Synthetic Fibers in Development of Strength of Concrete

Authors- Marri Vandana,Galapati Deepa

Abstract- – Concrete is most important and widely used construction material due to its high compressive behaviour and with the property of mouldability it can be cast in any shape and size required. However, being so beneficial material, it is week when it comes to resist tensile stresses. The brittle nature of concrete fails without providing any prior information like cracks. Though the huge deflections are resisted and controlled by reinforced bar at we can see spalling of large pieces of concrete which would be harmful for human life and economy. Still now many research works have been done on many varieties of fibers like synthetic fibers, natural fibers and steel fibers with different properties. The studies show that addition of fibers had increased the strength properties of concrete. Different fibers have different impact on increasing strength of concrete mix. The present study is done on different types of synthetic fibers and their behaviour when used with concrete. This paper is written reviewing many literature works done till now on synthetic fibers.To have overall view on impact of different fibers on increasing the strength of concrete mix. Study on synthetic fibers like polyester, nylon, polyethylene and polypropylene etc, and the complete review on studies done on different synthetic fibers are studied.

Weight Based Calculation Sequence for the Development Length or Blank Size in Sheet Metal and other Metal Forming Process

Authors -K Palaniraj B.E.(Mechanical) M.B.A.

Abstract- – Development length or Blank size calculation is a typical problem in sheet metal fabrication, and other metal forming industries, many people are struggling to find the length of the exact sheet required for bending operation or blank size in other forming process. Here in this journal weight is used in the calculation sequence for finding the developed length. Advantages of this method is to reduce the number of iterations in the prototype development to achieve the required sheet metal length with more precision, this methodology is applicable for forging and other similar metal forming operations also. It helps to rectify the problems in calculating the development length because of reduction in thickness in the bending regions during metal formation.

Experimental Investigation of Surface Roughness & Material Removal Rate of EN-31 Alloy Steel

Authors M. Tech. Scholar Rahul Singh, Asst. Prof. Abhishek Singh Roha

Abstract- – The influence of machining parameters on MRR and surface roughness during CNC turning of EN-31 Steel using tungsten carbide inserts. From the experimental result it is concluded that cutting speed is most significant effect on surface roughness and MRR. For minimum surface roughness optimum parameters are 0.15 mm/min feed rate, 2000 rpm speed and 0.6 mm depth of cut. Also optimum parameters for MRR were 0.3 mm/min feed rate, 1600 rpm speed, 0.6 mm depth of cut. Based on the Taguchi approach and ANOVA results obtained from the analysis. Optimum parameter setting for material removal rate is found at feed rate, spindle speed of 1250 rpm and 0.6 mm depth of cut i.e. S2F3D3 From the ANOVA it was found that percentage contribution of depth of cut 69 % has the most significant effect followed by speed (16.69%) and feed rate (6.4%) for MRR. Optimum parameter levels for surface roughness is found at 0.1 mm/rev feed rate, 0.2 mm depth of cut and 1250 rpm speed From the ANOVA results that feed rate (57.77%) has maximum contributing factor for surface roughness. Depth of cut with contribution of 14.88% has little influence on surface roughness. From the confirmation test for the optimal settings for MRR observed that increase in S/N ratio from the initial parameters 7.49 dB. Also from the confirmation test for surface roughness it is observed that increase in S/N ratio from the initial parameter 3.59 db.

A Review on Heat Transfer Enhancement Using Twisted Tape Inserts in a Tube Heat Exchanger

Authors M.Tech Scholar Shahbaz Ali, Prof. M.K. Chopra

Abstract- – Heat exchangers are now commonly used in a wide range of applications in chemical process and other industrial applications. Hence, improvement of the hydraulic performance of heat exchangers is very necessary for provision energy. Based on different applications, various types of methods are applied using the passive technique to enhance the rate of heat transfer such as devices of swirl flow, devices of surface tension devices, extended and coated surfaces, coarse surfaces, coiled pipes, and anything that include applying special surface geometry. This paper provides a comprehensive review of passive heat transfer devices for wide variety of industrial applications.

MCU-Based Traffic Control System Powered by Vertical Wind Turbine

Authors- Lyndon R. Bermoy

Abstract- – The application of MCU-based traffic control system has already existed in our world today. As years goes by, people develop more applications out of it. The rapid movement of our technology is the main reason why traffic control systems evolve in some other ways. As to the fast moving technology, number of vehicles growing, so road accidents are also growing in numbers. Because of those arising problems and concerns, the researchers intend to propose and develop a MCU- based traffic control system powered by vertical wind turbine which is another combinational technology that would help our traffic enforcer and rescue teams do their tasks more effective and less risky. The installed proximity sensor will detect the number of vehicles crossing in cities intersection. The sensor will identify the number of vehicles and will be interpreted by the microcontroller to accommodate such traffic. To make this project realize and materialize the researchers make some additional feature which a renewable source of energy (wind) called the vertical wind turbine.

Heat Transfer Enhancement Using Twisted Tape Inserts in a Tube Heat Exchanger

Authors M. Tech. Scholar Shahbaz Ali, Prof. M. K. Chopra

Abstract:- – Nowadays, heat exchanger swith twisted-tape inserts have widely been applied for enhancing the convective heat transfer in various industries such as thermal power plants, chemical processing plants, air conditioning equipment, refrigerators, petrochemical, biomedical and food processing plants. In general, twisted tape insert introduces wirl into the bulk flow which consequently disrupts a thermal boundary layer on the tube surface. The thermal performance of heat exchangers can be increased by heat transfer enhancement methods. Recently, the use of TT with cut sand holes becomes popular due to their thermal performance improvement in comparison with other types of TT and several studies have been carried out on these types of modified TT. This work aims to numerically investigate the effect of the double V-cut TT (0.6

Errors Caused in Infrared Thermography Measurements

Authors- M.Tech Scholar Neeraj Kumar Dubey, Prof. Nitin Jaiswal

Abstract:- – Infrared thermography in its process uses thermal imager to detect radiation and then further converting it to get object temperature and temperature distribution. The results of thermography measurement get affected by various parameters say emissivity, ambient temperature, atmospheric temperature, transmittance, relative humidity, distance and view factor between object and sensor. Parameters such as emissivity, ambient temperature, transmittance, relative humidity, distance between object and sensor are user specified to the measurement software. The present work focuses on the present work focuses on determination of temperature sensitivity and magnitude of error caused due to incorrect evaluation of above-mentioned parameters, also the effect of view factor between the sensor and object.

Simulation Analysis of Boost Converter for DC Nano-grid Integrated with Solar PV

Authors- PG Scholar Poonam Singh, Asst. Prof. Abhijeet Patil, Associate Prof. Dr E.Vijay Kumar

Abstract:- – This paper deals with boost converter based DC Nano-grid system in which the analysis of harmonic distortion in AC load is analyzed. A battery is also interfaced with the grid such that in absence of source, the battery will be used to supply the load. This system can supply DC and AC load simultaneously which makes it suitable for DC Nano-grid system. The wide use of DC characterized loads and more distributed power generation sources (DERs), the DC Nano grid becomes more and more popular and seen as an alternative to the AC grid system in future. Therefore for connection or island mode which connects local distributed energy sources and local distributed system? Safety considerations, DC Nano grid provides reliable grounding for residential loads like low voltage AC power system. The proposed paper is based on the FFT analysis of output waveforms for analysis of Total Harmonic Distortion.

A Review on Investigation of Performance of Organic Rankine Cycle-Vapor Compression Refrigeration System Using Different Refrigerant

Authors- M. Tech. Scholar Amjad Fahad Usmani, Prof. Dr. M. K. Chopra

Abstract:- -Nowadays, there are numerous attempts in the utilization of renewable energies such as geothermal heat, wind energy, and solar energy as clean energy sources for electricity production or cooling processes. Also, waste heat can be considered as renewable and clean energy, since it is free energy and there is no direct carbon emission. Waste heat can be rejected at a wide range of temperatures depending on the industrial processes. A large number of existing studies in the literature have only examined the energy analysis of combined cycle. Therefore, it should be noted that little attention has been given to the selection of appropriate functional fluids. However, the novelty of this study is the energy and energy analysis of the combined cycle (ORC-VCR) using four organic fluids R236fa, RC318, R245fa and R600a which is the main goal of this study.

Advanced Load Balancing Approach Using Machine Learning for Virtual Machine Migration

Authors – Pushpendra Singh, Prof. Vinod Patel, Prof. Gaurav Nayak, Dr. Ashish Kumar Khare

Abstract:- -Cluster administrators use live VM migration to separate hardware and software considerations, consolidate clustered hardware into a single coherent management domain, and simplify fault management and load balancing. A planned scenario is live migration. Move a running virtual machine from one host to another with no downtime for the VM using live migration. During migration, the guest OS’s TCP connections are maintained. The VM is unaware of the migration and is referred to as a “black box.” The current system is based on a mechanism for predicting future load. This factor is used to allocate VM resources and optimize migration. There are no adequate criteria for unique identification and location of VMs during this VM migration, which indicates which VMs are transferred and where they are migrated. This work exhibits Ant Colony Optimization (ACO) based on VM resource migration strategy to achieve system load balancing in a cloud computing environment to offer a better way for handling the problem of VM resource migration in a cloud computing environment.

Study and Prototype Design of Solar Powered Desalination

Authors – Sareesh Suraj, Sidha Anu, Sooraj P Mohan, Snobi Sajeev, Vishnu Sajan, Dr. Azeem Hafiz P A, Asst. Prof. Arun P G.

Abstract:- -Desalination is a process that takes away mineral components from saline water. Desalination could be an option to provide drinking water in many places where this is a scarce resource and seawater is available.However, technologies for desalination are energy intensive, and conventional energy is becoming expensive worldwide, thus making desalination an expensive process. The two major types of technologies that are used around the world for desalination can be broadly classified as either thermal or membrane. Both technologies need energy to operate and produce fresh water.And here we are developing a prototype of solar powered desalination using reservoir and solar cells to provide thermal energy for the desalination process. Heat is provided at different areas of reservoir and then condense the water vapour to get pure water.

Seismic Risk Assessment of Vertically Irregular Buildings

Authors- M.Tech Scholar Md. Arif Mansoori, Associate Prof. Vijay Kumar Meshram

Abstract:- -The construction of the vertically irregular buildings is almost inevitable due to the functional as well as aesthetic requirements. However, Post-Earthquake damage assessment shows that the structural irregularity plays vital role in the seismic performance of the buildings. Sudden change in the strength, stiffness as well as load path discontinuity increases the seismic demand of the building which increases the vulnerability of the buildings. Seismic risk assessment in certain geographical area requires the fragility model of the different archetype of the buildings. In this research, a humble effort is made to comprehend the analytic seismic fragility estimate of the existing types of the vertically irregular reinforced concrete buildings in Nepal.

Comparative Study on Design Results of A Multi-Storied Building Using STAAD PRO and ETABS for Regular and Irregular Plan Configuration

Authors- M. Tech. Scholar Adnan Ahmed, Dr. P.K. Singhai

Abstract:- -Structural Analysis and design are predominant in finding out significant threats to integrity and stability of a structure. Multi storied structures, when designed, are made to fulfill basic aspects and serviceability. Since Robustness of structure depends on loads imposed, it requires attention. All the challenges faced by structural engineers were taken as opportunities to develop software’s such as STAAD PRO, ETABS & SAFE, SAP etc., with ease of use. Software’s such as ETABS and STAAD-pro are leading commercial software’s worldwide for structural analysis. The design results using STAAD PRO and ETABS of a rectangular RCC building, for both regular and irregular plan configuration, are obtained and compared.

Comparative Study on Torsional Strengthening of RC beams using CFRP and BFRP wrapping

Authors- M. Tech. Scholar Mohd Ahzam Imran, Associate Prof. Vijay Kumar Meshram

Abstract:- -Owing to the unsymmetrical plan and elevation of buildings to enhance the aesthetic appearance, often reinforced concrete (RC) elements such as beams are subjected to torsion especially under seismic forces and lead to collapse of the structure. This lead to the problem of deficiency in torsional capacity. This paper investigates the strengthening of beams deficient in torsional shear capacity by external U wrapping with carbon fibre reinforced polymer (CFRP) and basalt fibre reinforced polymer (BFRP) sheets numerically in ANSYS 16.0APDL. The effect of parameters such as number of layers of FRP sheets and orientation of FRP sheets on torsional resistance and ductility of RC beams is also investigated.

Structural Engineering Aspects of Metro Rail Projects

Authors- M.Tech. Scolar Mohammad Ammar, Prof. Vijay Kumar Meshram

Abstract:- -Rapid growth and growing population in Indian metropolises demand the effective means of the Mass Rapid Transport System (MRTS). The metro rail system becomes more effective and economical medium of MRTS in terms of passenger transport in the cities to reach the last mile. Various aspects of the metro rail system from the structural engineering point of view needs to be considered for the safe and cost-effective engineering solution. The work carried out on the various alternatives and their effect on the project cost shows that the elevated metro rail system results in the popular adopted configuration in India. At the same time the advantage of pre-stressed concrete elements in the superstructure to use the material in the most efficient manner helps to preserve the esthetic of the constructions. In case of the metro rail structures the loading is always in a uniform manner as compared to road structures/viaducts. To realize the structural behavior of the metro rail viaduct, typical design of the 24 m span of the viaduct with substructure and the purpose of the pre- tensioned I-Girder and cast-in-situ deck slab configuration has been taken out and demoed in this paper. It also shows the highlights of the pre-cast superstructure elements in the elevated viaduct considering the construction ease and safety.

A Review on Different Process of Al-6061 Using MAFM Technique

Authors- Research Scholar Mohit, Assistant Professor Manoj

Abstract:- -In this paper, we will discuss the effect of hybridization of abrasive jet machining and magneto finishing. The latest hike in the usage of hardness, highest potency & temp. resisting equipment in technology imposed the progress of new-fangled machine operation process. Traditional machine operation or concluding processes are not again related to the substances like carbides; ceramics. Traditional machining procedures whenever concerned to such new-fangled substances are too costly, Create reduced degree of surface finish and precision; generate some stress, extremely deficient. New- fangled machining procedures may be categorized due to temperament of energy in work. AFM is somewhat newest procedure along with non-traditional machined Technique. Low substance elimination rate occurs to be one serious inadequacy of nearly the entire procedures. MAFM is an innovative expansion in AFM. By means of magnetically fielding in the region of the work portion in AFM, we can amplify the material removal rate in addition to the plate finishing.

Vibration Analysis of Cracked Composite Laminated Plate and Beam Structures

Authors – M. Tech. Scholar Abuzar Khan, Prof. P.K. Singhai

Abstract:- -The composite structures usually experiences vibration during service. Presence of delamination in a structure not only significantly impacts the stiffness of the structure with declining trends but also affect their vibration properties. The purpose of this paper is to review the literature studies on the effect of vibration on composite delamianted structures. The literature studies have been classified on the basis of methodology i.e experimental, analytical and finite element methods. In this review, particular attention has been given to the study of results, comparison with the work conducted by other researchers in the field of the free and forced vibration behavior of the composite laminates subjected to delamination or crack.

Seismic Evaluation and Retrofit of Reinforced Concrete Buildings with Masonry Infill Based on Material Strain Limit Approach

Authors- M. Tech. Scholar Md Aamir Sohail, Prof. Vijay Kumar Meshram

Abstract:- -The seismic evaluation and retrofit of reinforced concrete (RC) structures considering masonry infills is the correct methodology because the infill walls are an essential part of RC structures and increase the stiffness and strength of structures in seismically active areas. A three-dimensional four-storey building with masonry infills has been analyzed with nonlinear static adaptive pushover analysis by using the SeismoStruct software. Two models have been considered in this study: the first model is a full RC- infilled frame and the second model is an open ground storey RC-infilled frame. The infill walls have been modeled as a double strut nonlinear cyclic model. In this study, the “material strain limit approach” is first time used for the seismic evaluation of RC buildings with masonry infills. This method is based on the threshold strain limit of concrete and steel to identify the actual damage scenarios of the structural members of RC structures. The two models of the four-storey RC building have been retrofitted with local and global strengthening techniques (RC-jacketing method and incorporation of infills) as per the requirements of the structure to evaluate their effect on the response reduction factor (R) because the R-factor is an important design tool that shows the level of inelasticity in a structure. A significant increase in the response reduction factor (R) and structural plan density (SPD) has been observed in the case of the open ground storey RC-infilled frame after the retrofit. Thus, this paper aims to present a most effective way for the seismic evaluation and retrofit of any reinforced concrete structure through the material strain limit approach.

Vibration Isolation Using Various Isolating Material of an Air Compressor

Authors- M. Tech. Scholar Sutar Praveen S., Asst. Prof. Akhya Kumar Behra

Abstract:- -As for the increasing dependability of man on the machine, it seems necessary to strive for improvement of the performance of machines given that the dependent inputs are not changed drastically. In mechanical engineering terms, we are accustomed to working towards increasing the efficiency of a prime mover or core machine setup by developing methods to reduce wastage of energy and performance reducing factors can be eradicated. In machines vibration is the underlying factor that complies to carry out periodic maintenance, not working up to the full potential of the prime movers, limiting the working and output of the mechanical forces and thus resulting in reduced performances. Here we have conducted a brief review of this Vibration affects performance and how isolating it can result in increased efficiency and performance.

A Research Paper on Cyber Security

Author- Prof. Sayma Natekar, Prof. Dr. Shailja Shukla

Abstract:- -Cyber security is a necessity now days for information technology as well as Internet world. This is required to understand the requirement cyber world which is facing different types of risks, that exist in the online world and protecting Confidential and critical information are required for our nation’s security and economy. When we think about the security of the country we need to worry first of all about cyber security. This is the first concern we should think over it and need to take many security measures to stop the cyber- crime. This article is mainly focus on new technologies, challenges and cyber ethics in the field of cyber security. Cyber crimes emphasize the necessity to be ready to up-to-date on global cybercrimes reasons, especially we should to pay attention while using mobile and personal computing devices.

Mucormy cosis: A Review

Authors – PG Scholar Mayuri Bhosale, PG Scholar Monika Desai, PG Scholar Yogita Jadhav

Abstract:- -Mucormycosis is the fungal infection caused by a group of moulds called as mucormycetes. Zygomycosis is previous name of mucormycosis. This fungal infection can be classified into rhino-orbito cerebral, cutaneous, disseminated, gastrointestinal and pulmonary types. Overall high mortality rate is noticed. The aim of review is providing brief details regarding mucormycosis and its treatment method.

Web Application: My Notes

Authors -Shailaja Trivedi, Dhaivat Trivedi, Saurabh Rajpurohit, Asst. Prof. Ms. Dhwani Dave

Abstract:- -Due to the novel disease corona virus, most of the school, colleges preferred taking classes online. While studying through online platforms sometimes you want to note some important points from that video lecture or online class but you are unable to do so because either your writing / typing speed is slow or you need to pause the video more often. Sometimes the focus is more on note making and you are not able to pay attention to the video class. Then you can use the MY NOTES web application. On opening the Web application you need to click the start button, after that the application will take the screenshot manually from the video and then will extract the text from it converting them into the proper notes. Once the notes are made it will destroy the screenshot taken earlier before extraction. The notes will be saved on the local storage. This web application allows users to make long notes easily with just one click. My Notes make the note making process much easier.

Review on Optimization of Hybrid Renewable Energy Systems (HRES) Using PSO

Authors- M.Tech. Scholar Anit Kumar Vaishya, Prof. Vinay Pathak

Abstract:- -The growing integration of renewable energy sources (RES) into the power system has increased the uncertainty associated with the operation and control of the power system. Due to the sensitivity of RES to unanticipated changes in weather conditions, more resources are required to sustain them. In such cases, For instance, energy storage systems (ESS) are unavoidable as one of the numerous resources required to provide Permeation by RES. However, ESS has a limited capacity to meet all of an application’s requirements. So, A possible method is to combine numerous ESS to build a composite ESS. When incorporating this Different ESS have varying degrees of power sharing control, which is critical for using their complementing properties. of one another. As such, this essay will attempt to synthesize the different control mechanisms described in all of the literature in one location. Numerous control strategies for HESS are rigorously analyzed, and the Notable observations are tallied to aid with comprehension. Additionally, control approaches are categorized. Into broad categories, and their respective limitations are briefly described.

Structural Investigation of Reactive Powder Concrete in Various Elements

Authors- M. Tech. Scholar Bhavesh Bairagi, Prof. Sourabh Dashore

Abstract:- -The major component of this report aims to contribute new knowledge with respect to the understanding of the material behavior and other characteristics of Reactive Powder Concrete. Reactive Powder Concrete is a relatively new ultra high strength concrete with a wide range of capabilities. Currently it is used in high performance applications where impact resistance, high durability and or member size are governing factors in design. The relatively high cost, required production control, and lack of industry knowledge have generally precluded its widespread use in more common engineering applications. There are many experimental study was undertaken encompassing the following the production and material behavior including a parallel study on the durability of Reactive Powder Concrete in an aggressive environment the static performance and other characteristics of Reactive Powder Concrete when utilized in beam elements. The improved mechanical properties of Reactive Powder Concrete make it an ideal candidate for slender structural elements where serviceability characteristics such as deformation and other behavior become increasingly important. Interestingly, there is scarce literature available on the free behavior and other characteristics of Reactive Powder Concrete elements.

Scene Text Modification using Generative Neural Networks

Authors- Vikrant Deshmukh, Saravana Thevar, Digamber Mulik

Abstract:- -Different methods and tools have been developed to extract and comprehend content in multiple language variants. According to our findings, there is no reliable method for translating image text. Throughout the book, the text and image styles change dramatically. It can benefit people from all over the world, especially those who do not speak the language. Changing text in an image, on the other hand, is nearly impossible for a variety of reasons. Because of the limited number of characters we have at our disposal, visual clarity is difficult to achieve. Even if the text is being translated into a different language, the use of task-specific fonts will be required. The use of an algorithm we’ve already developed to interpret and recognize the language of scene text, as well as to translate scene text between languages, is one of the key components of our strategy. Using our method, which allows image text to be modified, the text scene can be translated into multiple languages.

Innovative Strategic Trends for Business Metamorphosis Post Covid-19: A Perspective of Small Retailers in Meerut City

Authors- Prof.Dr. Priyank Sharma, Asst. Prof. Ms. Lata S.P Singh, Associate Prof. Dr. Geetika Shukla, Associate Prof. Dr. Ankur Goel, Asst. Prof. Dr. Devesh Gupta

Abstract:- – The purpose of this paper was to analyze the various innovative strategic trends required for the business transformation after the COVID-19. Being businesses were adversely hit by the recent pandemic, therefore it is essential to examine and follow the innovative strategies for future. After analysis of secondary data for key trends, the study was conducted from the perspective of small retailers in Meerut city with an objective to highlight their preference towards selected strategic trends necessary post covid-19. Design/Methodology/Approach- The paper used the exploratory research design as researcher explored the various attributes of innovative business strategies essential post Covid -19. The research was based on both secondary data (attributes selection) and primary data. Secondary data had been mostly collected from websites pertaining to innovative business attributes and primary data had been obtained from various small retail business owners (75 valid responses arbitrary selected) from Meerut City. Convenience sampling was used for the same purpose. Tabulation and Descriptive Statistics methods were used for analysis. Findings-The findings significantly revealed that there ate ten major innovative strategic trends which are highly essential for small retailers in Meerut City. ‘Healthcare Priority’ had taken a foremost position being respondents felt that if life existed, then the possibility of achieving other things are cent percent .However , businesses were not in condition of taking too much risk right now but investing in ‘Digitalization of all Business Processes’ is second most priority with the ‘Adoption of Safe and Secure Business Practices’. ‘Long Term Investment and capitalizing on ‘Multidimensional CRM’ was highly necessary for complete business metamorphosis post covid-19. Practical Implication- Covid-19, as a pandemic had hit the nerves all around the globe and especially business segment had severely impacted except few industries like FMCG, Pharmaceutical etc. This research was practically significant as innovative strategies for business were essentially required in terms of complete transformation by all industries for future sustainability. Originality/Value- The research was valuable as the covid wave three is nearby expected any time especially in India and businessmen are in the concrete planning for the same by adopting new metamorphic strategies. However paper was based on secondary data but primary data was also considered for analysis purpose contributing to its originality.

High Quality and Low Delay for Adaptive Video streaming over HTTP using Hybrid Model

Authors- M. Tech. Scholar Monu Kumar Saini, Asst. Prof. Mr. Rahul Pandey

Abstract:- – Among various HTTP video streaming methods, adaptive HTTP video streaming is considered as a dominant technique due to its flexible rate adaptation and better network utilization in delivering the video contents across its users. On contrary with conventional UDP or RTP streaming, HTTP dynamic adaptive streaming with rate adaptation mechanism based on its video quality and bit rate of present network. Further, the adaptation includes buffered video amount, available bandwidth and screen resolutions. The main aim of adaptation algorithm is to increase the maximum utilization of network while maintaining high quality video streaming. The algorithm intends to maintain the trade-off between the network utilization and video quality, which are not easy to achieve. Hence, the design of effective adaptation algorithm in video streaming networks using DASH system is considered as a bottleneck, which needs to be addressed.

Energy Efficient Based Security against Multiple Adversaries in WSN using Fuzzy Inference System

Authors-M. Tech. Scholar Md Abid Hussain, Assistant Professor Mr. Manish Sahu

Abstract:- – A artificial cluster based improved secure directing system has been proposed and actualized to limit the vitality utilization and increment the framework lifetime of remote sensor systems. For this reason, three bunch based steering strategies, a half and half advancement procedure for steering and a trust based secure directing calculation have been proposed. In the bunch based steering, fluffy rationale has been used for taking care of vulnerability in basic leadership regarding group development. These procedures and calculations play out the transmission successfully in the system. The principle bit of leeway of this framework is that it decreases the vitality utilization and expands the framework lifetime effectively. These grouping systems are utilized to frame the groups in the system which assists with using the vitality effectively that thusly drags out the framework lifetime. In this work, the level of the hub has additionally been considered for the calculation of bunch sweep as an upgrade of the current work. The significant bit of leeway of this proposed work on inconsistent bunching utilizing fluffy rationale is that it expands the framework lifetime by decreasing the term of problem area issue.

BER and Magnitude Analysis of Filter Bank Multi-Carrier Transceiver for 5G Technologies

Authors- M. Tech. Scholar Roshni Patle, Associate Professor Mrs. Deepti Agrawal

Abstract:- – Using filter bank multi-carrier (FBMC) with Offset-QAM (OQAM) is one combination which achieves this task. In this thesis, we study this modulation, how it is possible to efficiently modulate and demodulate it but also the transcoder (pre-coder, equalizer or both) that can be used when transmitting through multi-tap and MIMO channels. Another modulation, based on FBMC with OQAM, cyclic offset-QAM (COQAM) tries to make a tradeoff between spectral efficiency and simplicity of the equalization and transcoding methods. In this thesis, FBMC based modulation schemes are tested through different scenario: unsynchronized multi-users, unsynchronized uplink, multiple channels, SIMO, MISO and MIMO channels. In this paper the studied of MIMO technique for FBMC transceiver for 5G technologies is presented.

Design, Modelling and FEM Analysis of Fly Ash Brick Making Machine

Authors-M. Tech. Scholar Ekale Sagmeshwar K., Prof. Dr. Anil R. Sahu

Abstract:- – Production of Fly ash brick is another utilization of ash. The most important part of the ash Bricks plant is Pan Mixer, conveyor belt, and main fly ash brick molding machine. There are a unit number of strategies for molding of bricks, however here we have used bottom side hydraulic pressing methodology that is reduced repeated investment on fly ash brick machine. In fly ash, the brick machine has three sets of brick molds apart from 120o each other. In this process, one set of molds receive the fly ash mixture such as fly ash, sand or stone dust, cement, and water, then it’s compressed by downside Hydraulic press and at last nine bricks area unit created in one revolution of this machine This research also serves to determine the most vulnerable locations on the machine structure as a concern when the load capacity will be increased. The analysis was carried out using the finite element method by using the finite element software. The simulation results obtained are, this fly ash brick molding machine is safely operated for pressure loads of 100 bar (10MPa).

Strength and Fatigue Analysis of Welded joint using Ansys

Authors- M. Tech. Scholar Mohammad Imran, Prof. Dr. Ram Gopal Verma

Abstract:- -Failure of welded frames / machine components results in various direct losses, such as the cost of repair, the cost of the operation to prevent possible failure, and injury insurance, as well as indirect losses, such as a reduction in productivity and a negative impact on the company’s image. To determine the significance of stress and deflection under particular loading conditions, welding simulation was carried out experimentally and using the Ansys software in this study. We create welded joints in Solid works CAD programme and then import the joint assembly. We used ANSYS to analyses the strength parameters of welded joints made of mild steel and weld materials made of aluminum alloy and mild steel using gas metal arc welding (GMAW) on them, as well as perform fatigue testing, so that we could apply load conditions to these joints that caused stress and deformation, fatigue life, and joint damage by changing the weld bead thickness from 3 mm to 5 mm and 7 mm. The whole study will be carried out using ‘ANSYS workbench,’ which will evaluate their performance curves and outcomes.

Quality Improvement in Shaft Manufacturing Industry Using Seven Quality Tools

Authors-M. Tech. Scholar Anand Kumar, Prof. Hari Mohan Soni

Abstract:- – The aim of study is to find out the effective way of improving the quality and productivity of a production line in manufacturing industry. The objective is to identify the defect of the company and create a better solution to improve the production line performance. Various industrial engineering technique and tools is implementing in this study in order to investigate and solve the problem that occurs in the production. However, 7 Quality Control tools are the main tools that will be applied to this study. Data for the selected assembly line factory are collected, studied and analyzed. The defect with the highest frequency will be the main target to be improved. Various causes of the defect will be analyzed and various solving method will be present. The best solving method will be chosen and propose to the company and compare to the previous result or production. However, the implementation of the solving methods is depending on the company whether they wanted to apply or not.

Development of Nanostructure Aluminium Alloy Using Constrained Groove Pressing – Influence of Die Design

Authors-M.Tech. Scholar Suraj B. Patil, Associate Prof. Kandarp Changela

Abstract:- -Constrained groove pressing (CGP) is a modern process for dilating ultrafine grain in sheet metals structures for inducing good material properties. In CGP, the sheet metal specimens are subjected to repetitive corrugating and straightening under the plane strain deformation condition by utilizing alternate pressing with the asymmetrically grooved dies and flat dies. This results a increase plastic strain in the sheet metal sample without changing its original dimensions. CGP can impressively refine the grain structure to a sub-micrometre level. Materials processed by CGP gives a very high strength, high hardness and many other desirable properties. This review mainly on CGP process and microstructural changes with respect to the number of CGP passes. most of the scientific results that were obtained by applying.

To Road Ways Pavements Design and Soil Penetration Analysis using FEM

Authors- Ritu Bhalavi, Asst. Prof. Mohit Verma

Abstract:- -A highway pavement is a structure consisting of superimposed layers of processed materials above the natural soil sub-grade, whose primary function is to distribute the applied vehicle loads to the sub-grade. The pavement structure should be able to provide a surface of acceptable riding quality, adequate skid resistance, favorable light reflecting characteristics, and low noise pollution. The ultimate aim is to ensure that the transmitted stresses due to wheel load are sufficiently reduced, so that they will not exceed bearing capacity of the sub-grade. Two types of pavements are generally recognized as serving this purpose, namely flexible pavements and rigid pavements. This chapter gives an overview of pavement types, layers, and their functions, and pavement failures. Improper design of pavements leads to early failure of pavements affecting the riding quality.

Modelling and structural analysis of aircraft
landing gear

Authors- Nutakki Priyatham, S Siva Sai Krishna

Abstract:- – The main objective of this paper is to present the model of the landing gear using Computer-aided design software in order to carry out structural analysis of the landing gear. Computer-aided design (CAD) and finite element analysis will be done to analyze the development of stress while landing. It also has the displacement analysis of the landing gear. For modelling of the landing gear SOLID EDGE ST9 software is used and for the analysis of the landing gear ANSYS 2021 R1 software is used..

An Experimental Investigation on Polypropylene Fiber Reinforced Concrete with Alccofine-1203

Authors- B. Tech. Scholar B. Alekhya, Prof. Dr. K. Chandramouli, Asst. Prof. J. Sree Naga Chaitanya, Associate Prof. Dr. N. Pannirselvam

Abstract:- – In this research, cement with Alccofine-1203 which is finer than cement which provides higher strength and durability to the concrete structure. Polypropylene fibers are used to enhance strength properties of concrete. Polypropylene fibers are added at 0.5, 1.5 and 2.0%. Cement with Alccofine-1203 added in different percentages of 5, 10, 7.5 and 12.5%. Strength tests are conducted at 7 and 28 days for hardened concrete. Destructive tests are conducted on the cured specimens to evaluate the mechanical properties of concrete.

Review on Transparent Concrete as an Innovative Material Used in Civil Engineering

Authors- Shaik Abdul Ameem, Prof. Dr. K. Chandramouli, Asst. Prof. J. Sree Naga Chaitanya

Abstract:- – Since the dawn of history concrete has been, right behind stone and brick, one of the oldest building materials. The ancient Romans took advantage of its opportunities. They constructed amazing architectural objects, which survived centuries as whole buildings or parts of them. Concrete is so ubiquitous, that when we are walking in a newer districts of cities we are virtually surrounded by concrete from everywhere. Sometimes we do not realize in how many cases and various ways concrete is used in towns and cities. As we know, human curiosity and quest for newer and newer solutions and capabilities does not leave such amazing material as concrete alone. There are many varieties of concrete, depending on what people want to achieve. By changing its chemical composition, technological process and adding various other materials, we receive various types of concrete. We use them to create durable supporting structures, a variety of concrete which is resistant to constant moisture or different chemical types. Additionally, some aspects of aesthetics in architecture are made with the help of concrete.

Formulation of Media for Lactic Acid Bacteria

Authors- Gopal S, Shivalkar Yadav, Rajsekhar P. And Prabha R.

Abstract:- – Bacteria are single celled prokaryotes present ubiquitously in nature. Good bacteria are also known as beneficial bacteria, involved in natural or controlled fermentations and some are probiotic in nature enhancing the human gut health. Lactic Acid Bacteria (LAB) that include Lactococcus, Streptococcus thermophilus, Leuconostoc, Lactobacillus bulgaricus, Lactobacillus acidophilus and Bifidobacterium are among the most important groups of microorganisms used in food fermentation. They contribute to the taste and texture of fermented products and inhibit food spoilage bacteria by producing growth inhibiting substances and large amounts of lactic acid. LAB is a group of Gram positive, non-spore forming cocci or rods, catalase negative, produce lactic acid only or other acids or ethanol and gases. . In a mixed lactic culture, enumeration of each group of LABS is difficult as one may predominate on others. These lactic cultures used in fermented milk products require enumeration and sometimes isolation using selective media. M17 agar, ST agar, LUMS, MRS agar and bifidobacteria agar are used for selective enumeration of lactococci, Streptococcus thermophilus, leuconostoc, lactobacilli and bifidobacteria respectively, by serial dilution and anaerobic incubation at optimum growth temperature of the genus 30°C or 37°C. If fermented milk has yeast and aerobic spore formers as contaminants then any of them predominate and isolation of the LAB become difficult. Addition of antimycotic (Nystatin, sodium benzoate) and antisporulating (calcium propionate) agents into the selective lactic acid media may help in controlling the contaminants from LAB.